Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1111/2041-210X.12812
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Titel (primär) On which targets should we compromise in conservation prioritization problems?
Autor Kaim, A.; Watts, M.C.; Possingham, H.P.
Quelle Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department CLE
Band/Volume 8
Heft 12
Seite von 1858
Seite bis 1865
Sprache englisch
Keywords conservation management supporting tool; linear optimization problem; Marxan; shadow prices rank; spatial prioritization; systematic conservation planning; target setting
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU1
  1. Systematic conservation planning is an essential part of biodiversity preservation. In the context of conservation prioritization problems, the total cost of the entire reserve system is highly dependent on how big we set targets (e.g. 10% or 30%) for conservation features (e.g. species or habitats). Thus, it is of interest to conservation planners how targets could be adjusted in a reasonable way, in order to decrease total cost. The aim of this paper is to rank features based on their influence on total cost.
  2. Focusing on the minimum set coverage problem—an integer linear optimization problem (ILP)—we developed a method to rank features according to their influence on total cost. Since the computation time is often too high to solve the ILP, we approximated its optimal solutions by the results of a linear optimization problem (LP). For the feature ranking, we used the shadow prices of the LP, validating it with rankings created by methods which used an ILP solver and the software Marxan, which uses a simulated annealing algorithm.
  3. The results show that shadow prices can be used to rank features in terms of their impact on the total cost of the reserve system thereby identifying those feature targets that could yield better compromises.
  4. Thus, the shadow price ranking provides a novel tool for conservation planners to help set feature targets in conservation prioritization problems. Furthermore, the results of the study can be used to improve Marxan.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Kaim, A., Watts, M.C., Possingham, H.P. (2017):
On which targets should we compromise in conservation prioritization problems?
Methods Ecol. Evol. 8 (12), 1858 - 1865 10.1111/2041-210X.12812