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Titel (primär) Assessing anthropogenic impacts on limited water resources under semi-arid conditions: three-dimensional transient regional modelling in Jordan
Autor Rödiger, T.; Magri, F.; Geyer, S.; Morandage, S.T.; Subah, H.E.A.; Alraggad, M.; Siebert, C.;
Journal / Serie Hydrogeology Journal
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department ENVINF; CATHYD;
Band/Volume 25
Heft 7
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T53;
Keywords Jordan; Groundwater exploration; Arid regions; Groundwater recharge/water budget; Cone of depression
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU2
Abstract Both increasing aridity and population growth strongly stress freshwater resources in semi-arid areas such as Jordan. The country’s second largest governorate, Irbid, with over 1 million inhabitants, is already suffering from an annual water deficit of 25 million cubic meters (MCM). The population is expected to double within the next 20 years. Even without the large number of refugees from Syria, the deficit will likely increase to more then 50 MCM per year by 2035 The Governorate’s exclusive resource is groundwater, abstracted by the extensive Al Arab and Kufr Asad well fields. This study presents the first three-dimensional transient regional groundwater flow model of the entire Wadi al Arab to answer important questions regarding the dynamic quality and availability of water within the catchment. Emphasis is given to the calculation and validation of the dynamic groundwater recharge, derived from a multi-proxy approach, including (1) a hydrological model covering a 30-years dataset, (2) groundwater level measurements and (3) information about springs. The model enables evaluation of the impact of abstraction on the flow regime and the groundwater budget of the resource. Sensitivity analyses of controlling parameters indicate that intense abstraction in the southern part of the Wadi al Arab system can result in critical water-level drops of 10 m at a distance of 16 km from the production wells. Moreover, modelling results suggest that observed head fluctuations are strongly controlled by anthropogenic abstraction rather than variable recharge rates due to climate changes.
ID 18901
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=18901
Rödiger, T., Magri, F., Geyer, S., Morandage, S.T., Subah, H.E.A., Alraggad, M., Siebert, C. (2017):
Assessing anthropogenic impacts on limited water resources under semi-arid conditions: three-dimensional transient regional modelling in Jordan
Hydrogeol. J. 25 (7), 2139 - 2149