Details zur Publikation
|DOI / URL||Link|
|Titel (primär)||Colonization in Mediterranean old-fields: the role of dispersal and plant–plant interactions|
|Autor||García-Cervigón, A.I.; Velázquez, E.; Wiegand, T.; Escudero, A.; Olano, J.M.|
|Journal / Serie||Journal of Vegetation Science|
|Keywords||Age–size relationships; Herbivory; Juniperus communis ; Juniperus sabina ; Pinus sylvestris ; Plant–plant interactions; Seed dispersal syndrome; Spatial point-pattern analysis|
How do the dominant species in a Mediterranean community (Juniperus sabina, Juniperus communis and Pinus sylvestris) colonize abandoned fields? At what rates? Does dispersal limitation shape species colonization patterns? Does J. sabina act as nurse plant for the other two species? If so, in which stages of development: seedlings and saplings or older individuals?
Abandoned crop fields in the Alto Tajo Natural Park, central-eastern Spain.
We mapped all individuals of the three species in three 4–14-ha plots, and aged them using dendrochronology. Spatial patterns in 2000, 1980 and 1960 were reconstructed according to estimated ages in 2014. We used a battery of spatial point-pattern analyses to evaluate dispersal in junipers, dispersal in pines, and the role of J. sabina as nurse plant for the other two species.
Both junipers colonized earlier than pines, probably due to their more effective endozoochorous dispersal. Late-coming pines, once established, expanded faster due to their higher seed productivity. Recent recruits of J. communis and P. sylvestris showed a random relationship with J. sabina canopies, whereas spatial patterns of older individuals in relation to J. sabina canopies ranged from attraction (plot 2 and marginally plot 1), suggesting facilitation, to repulsion in plot 3. These differences in spatial patterns between plots could be related to a shift in dominant herbivores, from sheep (plots 1 and 2) to red deer (plot 3).
Dispersal and plant–plant interactions drove colonization in Mediterranean old fields. The inclusion of a temporal perspective in the analysis of spatial patterns allowed the detection of shifting interactions between J. sabina and the other two species, depending on their life stage. This is a clear advance compared with the usual static analyses, as it provides additional clues to interpret the mechanisms and processes underlying their origin.
|García-Cervigón, A.I., Velázquez, E., Wiegand, T., Escudero, A., Olano, J.M. (2017):
Colonization in Mediterranean old-fields: the role of dispersal and plant–plant interactions
J. Veg. Sci. 28 (3), 627 - 638