Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.seppur.2017.04.048
Titel (primär) Strategic elements from leaching solutions by nanofiltration – Influence of pH on separation performance
Autor Meschke, K.; Daus, B.; Haseneder, R.; Repke, J.-U.
Journal / Serie Separation and Purification Technology
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department ANA
Band/Volume 184
Seite von 264
Seite bis 274
Sprache englisch
Keywords Strategic elements; Mining residues; Treatment of leaching solutions; Nanofiltration; Retention
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU4;
Abstract Strategic elements are essential for industrialized countries and both, demand and prices are constantly increasing. The exploitation of so far unutilized polymetallic mining waste could ensure a reliable supply. Mining residues, like the investigated German flue dust deposit from copper ore smelting, represent a promising approach for metal extraction. By bioleaching, the sulfide bonded metals can be dissolved from the mineral phase. Downstream processes are required to separate the target elements from the obtained multicomponent leaching solution. One promising technology is nanofiltration (NF). Three polymeric NF membranes (NF99HF, UTC-60, NP010) were screened to investigate the separation performance of Co, Cu, Ge, Mo, Re, and Zn in a dead-end set-up, in particular the pH-dependent retention. The study shows that pH and thus, the formed ionic species have a major influence on retention and separation performance. Mainly based on size exclusion, a selective separation of Re seems feasible with the NF99HF and UTC-60 at pH 7. Under acidic conditions, a separation during concentrating cannot be realized in dead-end by NF because shearing forces and the build-up concentration as well as the electric field gradient forces the permeation of the solutes. However, if the recovery and ionic strength of the solution is set low, the selectivity can be increased even at pH 2.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Meschke, K., Daus, B., Haseneder, R., Repke, J.-U. (2017):
Strategic elements from leaching solutions by nanofiltration – Influence of pH on separation performance
Sep. Purif. Technol. 184 , 264 - 274