Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Berichte
Volltext Publikationsdokument
Titel (primär) Decentralization effects in Ecological Fiscal Transfers – the case of Portugal
Autor Droste, N.; Becker, C.; Ring, I.; Santos, R.
Quelle UFZ Discussion Papers
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department OEKON
Band/Volume 3/2017
Seite bis 33
Sprache englisch
Keywords Bayesian structural time series; ecological fiscal transfers; fiscal federalism; municipal competencies; nature conservation; Portugal
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU6;
Abstract Portugal has a unitary system in which the central government transfers funds to lower government levels for their public functions. In 2007, Portugal introduced Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT), where municipalities receive transfers for hosting Protected Areas (PA). We study whether introducing EFT in Portugal incentivized municipalities to designate PA and has led to a decentralization of conservation decisions. We employ a Bayesian structural time series approach to estimate the effect of introducing EFT in comparison to a simulated counterfactual time series. Quantitative results show a significant increase in the ratio of municipal and national PA designations following Portugal’s EFT introduction. The analysis furthermore places emphasis on the importance of relevant municipal conservation competencies and the role of local decision makers’ motivations for PA designations. Results have important implications for conservation policy-making in terms of allocating budgets and competencies in multi-level governments.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Droste, N., Becker, C., Ring, I., Santos, R. (2017):
Decentralization effects in Ecological Fiscal Transfers – the case of Portugal
UFZ Discussion Papers 3/2017
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung - UFZ, Leipzig, 33 pp.