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Titel (primär) Municipal responses to ecological fiscal transfers in Brazil: a microeconometric panel data approach
Autor Droste, N.; Lima, G.R.; May, P.H.; Ring, I.
Journal / Serie Environmental Policy and Governance
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department OEKON
Band/Volume 27
Heft 4
Seite von 378
Seite bis 393
Sprache englisch
Keywords conservation incentives; ecological fiscal transfers; economic instruments; fiscal federalism; ICMS-Ecológico; policy evaluation
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU6;
Abstract Ecological fiscal transfers in Brazil, the so-called ICMS-Ecológico or ICMS-E, redistribute part of the state-level value-added tax revenues on the basis of ecological indicators to local governments. We analyze whether the introduction of this economic instrument in a state offers incentives to municipal responses in terms of further protected area (PA) designation. We provide a microeconomic model for the functioning of ICMS-E and test the derived hypothesis empirically. Employing an econometric analysis on panel data for two decades we estimate the correlation of the introduction of ICMS-E in Brazilian states with PA coverage. We find that the introduction of ICMS-E correlates with a higher average PA share. While the introduction of ICMS-E schemes may be a compensation for a high share of federal and state PA, we also find an incentive effect for municipalities to designate additional PA.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=18698
Droste, N., Lima, G.R., May, P.H., Ring, I. (2017):
Municipal responses to ecological fiscal transfers in Brazil: a microeconometric panel data approach
Environ. Policy Gov. 27 (4), 378 - 393