Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1127/phyto/2017/0123
Titel (primär) Plant diversity and community composition of rice agroecosystems in Vietnam and the Philippines
Autor Fried, O.; Kühn, I. ORCID logo ; Schrader, J.; Nguyen, V.S.; Bergmeier, E.
Journal / Serie Phytocoenologia
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department BZF; iDiv
Band/Volume 47
Heft 1
Seite von 49
Seite bis 66
Sprache englisch
Keywords Oryzetea sativae; Philippines; phytosociology; plant life form; rice field; Southeast Asia; species richness; Vietnam; weed community; weed control
UFZ Querschnittsthemen LEGATO; RU1;
Abstract Aims: The knowledge of rice weed communities, their diversity, composition, dynamics and distribution is still inadequate. We present information on the plant diversity of rice fields in major Southeast Asian centres of rice cultivation, the prevailing life forms, the plant communities, the main environmental drivers, and phytogeographic patterns that shape these communities.
Study area: Seven different regions of Vietnam and the Philippines, including lowland and mountain areas (0–1390 m a.s.l.).
Methods: Altogether 115 vegetation relevés using the Braun-Blanquet method were recorded during wet and dry seasons between 2013 and 2015. Soil samples were collected and farmers of surveyed rice fields were interviewed. Vegetation surveys were designed to detect possible effects of soil properties, climate, altitude, geographic location, landscape heterogeneity, seasonality, management and intensity of cultivation, and structural parameters on the paddy vegetation. Hierarchical cluster analysis UPGMA was applied and NMDS ordinations were performed to visualize differences in plant community composition along the different gradients.
Results: We found 113 vascular plant species, with annual hydrophytes and therophytes being the prevailing life forms. Sixty of the recorded species appear to be globally rare. We revealed four clusters of plant communities which are explained mainly by soil acidity, crop height and temperature: Paspalum distichum-Hydrolea zeylanica community, Echinochloa crus-galli community, Rotala indica-Monochoria vaginalis community and Fimbristylis littoralis-Leptochloa chinensis community. The two latter communities were further classified into regional subunits.
Conclusions: We conclude that the composition of weed communities provides valuable information on environmental and biogeographical conditions of the local rice landscapes, and that it is probably the most applicable and reliable indicator of management
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Fried, O., Kühn, I., Schrader, J., Nguyen, V.S., Bergmeier, E. (2017):
Plant diversity and community composition of rice agroecosystems in Vietnam and the Philippines
Phytocoenologia 47 (1), 49 - 66