Details zur Publikation
|DOI / URL||Link|
|Titel (primär)||Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT)|
|Titel (sekundär)||Opportunities for innovative biodiversity financing in the EU: Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT), tax reliefs, marketed products, and fees and charges. A compilation of cases studies developed in the context of a project for the European Commission (DG ENV) (Project ENV.B.3/ETU/2015/0014)|
|Autor||Ring, I.; Droste, N.; Santos, R.|
|Herausgeber||Kettunen, M.; Illes, A.|
|Abstract||In this case study, we review existing schemes of Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT) in Europe, namely the Portuguese and the French EFT systems, and provide information on current proposals for an EFT implementation in Germany and Poland. In order to give an up-to-date overview of the status of EFT schemes in Europe, we start by elaborating the key features of the instrument in general and provide background on its Brazilian origins. Comparing the existing EFT schemes in Portugal and France, the proposals for Germany and Poland, and considering experience from Brazil, we discuss the potential of the instrument for application to other levels of government, EU Member States and the EU. Finally, we provide a sketch of how this innovative economic instrument might complement the earmarked conservation funding in current EU funds in order to provide a nature conservation performance-based compensation.
Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT) redistribute tax revenue among government levels according to ecological indicators such as protected areas (PA). Depending on the legal and institutional context, decentralised governments may be compensated for conservation expenditures, opportunity costs or spill-over benefits related to these ecological indicators. Thereby the instrument likely creates greater acceptance of conservation policies that are often implemented at higher government levels using regulatory approaches, and eases the implementation of large-scale conservation efforts such as the creation of a (well-connected) habitat network.
|Ring, I., Droste, N., Santos, R. (2017):
Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT)
In: Kettunen, M., Illes, A. (eds.)
Opportunities for innovative biodiversity financing in the EU: Ecological Fiscal Transfers (EFT), tax reliefs, marketed products, and fees and charges. A compilation of cases studies developed in the context of a project for the European Commission (DG ENV) (Project ENV.B.3/ETU/2015/0014)
Institute for European Policy (IEEP), Brussels/London, p. 8 - 43