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Titel (primär) Anaerobic dehalogenation of chloroanilines by Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain CBDB1 and Dehalobacter strain 14DCB1 via different pathways as related to molecular electronic structure
Autor Zhang, S.; Wondrousch, D.; Cooper, M.; Zinder, S.H.; Schüürmann, G.; Adrian, L.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Science & Technology
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department ISOBIO; OEC;
Band/Volume 51
Heft 7
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T42;
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain CBDB1 and Dehalobacter strain 14DCB1 are organohalide-respiring microbes of the phyla Chloroflexi and Firmicutes, respectively. Here, we report the transformation of chloroanilines by these two bacterial strains via dissimilar dehalogenation pathways and discuss the underlying mechanism with quantum chemically calculated net atomic charges of the substrate Cl, H, and C atoms. Strain CBDB1 preferentially removed Cl doubly flanked by two Cl or by one Cl and NH2, whereas strain 14DCB1 preferentially dechlorinated Cl that has an ortho H. For the CBDB1-mediated dechlorination, comparative analysis with Hirshfeld charges shows that the least-negative Cl discriminates active from nonactive substrates in 14 out of 15 cases and may represent the preferred site of primary attack through cob(I)alamin. For the latter trend, three of seven active substrates provide strong evidence, with partial support from three of the remaining four substrates. Regarding strain 14DCB1, the most positive carbon-attached H atom discriminates active from nonactive chloroanilines in again 14 out of 15 cases. Here, regioselectivity is governed for 10 of the 11 active substrates by the most positive H attached to the highest-charge (most positive or least negative) aromatic C carrying the Cl to be removed. These findings suggest the aromatic ring H as primary site of attack through the supernucleophile Co(I), converting an initial H bond to a full electron transfer as start of the reductive dehalogenation. For both mechanisms, one- and two-electron transfer to Cl (strain CBDB1) or H (strain 14DCB1) are compatible with the presently available data. Computational chemistry research into reaction intermediates and pathways may further aid in understanding the bacterial reductive dehalogenation at the molecular level.
ID 18660
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=18660
Zhang, S., Wondrousch, D., Cooper, M., Zinder, S.H., Schüürmann, G., Adrian, L. (2017):
Anaerobic dehalogenation of chloroanilines by Dehalococcoides mccartyi strain CBDB1 and Dehalobacter strain 14DCB1 via different pathways as related to molecular electronic structure
Environ. Sci. Technol. 51 (7), 3714 - 3724