Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1002/2016WR019488
Titel (primär) Single discharge events increase reactive efficiency of the hyporheic zone
Autor Trauth, N.; Fleckenstein, J.H.
Quelle Water Resources Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department HDG
Band/Volume 53
Heft 1
Seite von 779
Seite bis 798
Sprache englisch
Keywords hyporheic zone; discharge events; transient groundwater model; reactive transport; denitrification
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU2;
Abstract In this study, we investigate the impact of single stream discharge events on water exchange, solute transport, and reactions in the hyporheic zone below a natural in-stream gravel bar. We set up a reactive transport groundwater model with streamflow scenarios that vary by event duration and peak discharge. A steady ambient groundwater flow field is assumed that results in losing, neutral, or gaining stream conditions depending on the stream stage. Across the streambed dissolved oxygen, organic carbon, and nitrate are transported into the subsurface. Additional nitrate is received from upwelling groundwater. Aerobic respiration and denitrification are simulated for scenarios with different stream solute concentrations. Results show that hyporheic exchange flux, solute transport, and consumption increase during events. However, their intensities depend highly on the interplay between event characteristics and ambient groundwater conditions. During events where reversals in the hydraulic gradient occur stream water and solutes infiltrate deeper into the aquifer where they have more time to react. For those events, the reactive efficiency of the hyporheic zone (solute consumption as fraction of influx) for aerobic respiration and denitrification is up to 2.7 and 10 times higher compared to base flow conditions. The fraction of stream nitrate load consumed in the hyporheic zone increases with stream discharge (up to 150 mg/m2/h), but remains below the value under base flow conditions for weak events. Events also increase denitrification of groundwater borne nitrate, but groundwater nitrate flux to the stream decreases by up to 33% due to temporary gradient reversals.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Trauth, N., Fleckenstein, J.H. (2017):
Single discharge events increase reactive efficiency of the hyporheic zone
Water Resour. Res. 53 (1), 779 - 798 10.1002/2016WR019488