Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.11.007
Titel (primär) Identifying the influential aquifer heterogeneity factor on nitrate reduction processes by numerical simulation
Autor Jang, E.; He, W.; Savoy, H.; Dietrich, P. ORCID logo ; Kolditz, O. ORCID logo ; Rubin, Y.; Schüth, C.; Kalbacher, T.
Quelle Advances in Water Resources
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department ENVINF; MET
Band/Volume 99
Seite von 38
Seite bis 52
Sprache englisch
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU5;
Abstract Nitrate reduction reactions in groundwater systems are strongly influenced by various aquifer heterogeneity factors that affect the transport of chemical species, spatial distribution of redox reactive substances and, as a result, the overall nitrate reduction efficiency. In this study, we investigated the influence of physical and chemical aquifer heterogeneity, with a focus on nitrate transport and redox transformation processes. A numerical modeling study for simulating coupled hydrological-geochemical aquifer heterogeneity was conducted in order to improve our understanding of the influence of the aquifer heterogeneity on the nitrate reduction reactions and to identify the most influential aquifer heterogeneity factors throughout the simulation. Results show that the most influential aquifer heterogeneity factors could change over time. With abundant presence of electron donors in the high permeable zones (initial stage), physical aquifer heterogeneity significantly influences the nitrate reduction since it enables the preferential transport of nitrate to these zones and enhances mixing of reactive partners. Chemical aquifer heterogeneity plays a comparatively minor role. Increasing the spatial variability of the hydraulic conductivity also increases the nitrate removal efficiency of the system. However, ignoring chemical aquifer heterogeneity can lead to an underestimation of nitrate removals in long-term behavior. With the increase of the spatial variability of the electron donor, i.e. chemical heterogeneity, the number of the “hot spots” i.e. zones with comparably higher reactivity, should also increase. Hence, nitrate removal efficiencies will also be spatially variable but overall removal efficiency will be sustained if longer time scales are considered and nitrate fronts reach these high reactivity zones.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Jang, E., He, W., Savoy, H., Dietrich, P., Kolditz, O., Rubin, Y., Schüth, C., Kalbacher, T. (2017):
Identifying the influential aquifer heterogeneity factor on nitrate reduction processes by numerical simulation
Adv. Water Resour. 99 , 38 - 52 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.11.007