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Titel (primär) TERENO-SOILCan: a lysimeter-network in Germany observing soil processes and plant diversity influenced by climate change
Autor Pütz, T.; Kiese, R.; Wollschläger, U.; Groh, J.; Rupp, H.; Zacharias, S.; Priesack, E.; Gerke, H.H.; Gasche, R.; Bens, O.; Borg, E.; Baessler, C.; Kaiser, K.; Herbrich, M.; Munch, J.-C.; Sommer, M.; Vogel, H.-J.; Vanderborght, J.; Vereecken, H.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Earth Sciences
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
Department BZF; MET; BOPHY;
Band/Volume 75
Heft 18
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T12;
Keywords Weighable precision lysimeter; Controlled lower boundary; Water balanceMatter flux; Climate change; Soil processes; Plant functional diversity
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU1
Abstract The aim of TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories) is to collect long-term observation data on the hydrosphere, biosphere, pedosphere, lower atmosphere and anthroposphere along multiple spatial and temporal gradients in climate sensitive regions across Germany. The lysimeter-network SOILCan was installed as a part of TERENO between March and December 2010 within the four observatories. It represents a long-term large-scale experiment to study the effects of climate and management changes in terrestrial ecosystems, with particular focus on the impact of these changes on water, energy and matter fluxes into groundwater and atmosphere. SOILCan primarily focuses on soil hydrology, the carbon and nutrient cycle and plant species diversity. Time series measurements of states and fluxes at high spatial and temporal resolution in the soil and biosphere are combined with remote sensing information for the development and calibration of process-based models simulating impacts of climate change in soil processes at field to regional scale. Within the framework of SOILCan, 132 fully automated lysimeter systems were installed at 14 highly equipped experimental field sites across the four TERENO observatories. Relevant state variables of grassland and arable ecosystems are monitored characterizing climate, hydrology and matter fluxes into the atmosphere and within the hydrosphere as well as plant species diversity. Lysimeters are either being operated at or near their original sampling location or were transferred within or between the four TERENO observatories thereby using temperature and rainfall gradients to mimic future climatic conditions (space for time), which allow measuring impacts of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems. The lysimeters are cultivated as grassland (intensive, extensive and non-used) or arable land, the latter with a standardized crop rotation of winter wheat—winter barley—winter rye—oat. This publication describes the general design of the SOILCan experiment including a comprehensive description of the pedological characteristics of the different sites and presents a few exemplary results from the first years of operation.
ID 17960
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Pütz, T., Kiese, R., Wollschläger, U., Groh, J., Rupp, H., Zacharias, S., Priesack, E., Gerke, H.H., Gasche, R., Bens, O., Borg, E., Baessler, C., Kaiser, K., Herbrich, M., Munch, J.-C., Sommer, M., Vogel, H.-J., Vanderborght, J., Vereecken, H. (2016):
TERENO-SOILCan: a lysimeter-network in Germany observing soil processes and plant diversity influenced by climate change
Environ. Earth Sci. 75 (18), art. 1242