Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1111/nph.14185
Titel (primär) Plants are less negatively affected by flooding when growing in species-rich plant communities
Autor Wright, A.J.; de Kroon, H.; Visser, E.J.W.; Buchmann, T.; Ebeling, A.; Eisenhauer, N.; Fischer, C.; Hildebrandt, A.; Ravenek, J.; Roscher, C.; Weigelt, A.; Weisser, W.; Voesenek, L.A.C.J.; Mommer, L.
Quelle New Phytologist
Erscheinungsjahr 2017
Department BZF; NSF; PHYDIV
Band/Volume 213
Heft 2
Seite von 645
Seite bis 656
Sprache englisch
Keywords aerenchyma; diversity; flooding traits; grasses; legumes; plant functional groups; soil air porosity; specific leaf area (SLA)
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU1
  • Flooding is expected to increase in frequency and severity in the future. The ecological consequences of flooding are the combined result of species-specific plant traits and ecological context. However, the majority of past flooding research has focused on individual model species under highly controlled conditions.
  • An early summer flooding event in a grassland biodiversity experiment in Jena, Germany, provided the opportunity to assess flooding responses of 60 grassland species in monocultures and 16-species mixtures. We examined plant biomass, species-specific traits (plant height, specific leaf area (SLA), root aerenchyma, starch content) and soil porosity.
  • We found that, on average, plant species were less negatively affected by the flood when grown in higher-diversity plots in July 2013. By September 2013, grasses were unaffected by the flood regardless of plant diversity, and legumes were severely negatively affected regardless of plant diversity. Plants with greater SLA and more root aerenchyma performed better in September. Soil porosity was higher in higher-diversity plots and had a positive effect on plant performance.
  • As floods become more frequent and severe in the future, growing flood-sensitive plants in higher-diversity communities and in soil with greater soil aeration may attenuate the most negative effects of flooding.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Wright, A.J., de Kroon, H., Visser, E.J.W., Buchmann, T., Ebeling, A., Eisenhauer, N., Fischer, C., Hildebrandt, A., Ravenek, J., Roscher, C., Weigelt, A., Weisser, W., Voesenek, L.A.C.J., Mommer, L. (2017):
Plants are less negatively affected by flooding when growing in species-rich plant communities
New Phytol. 213 (2), 645 - 656 10.1111/nph.14185