Details zur Publikation
|Titel (primär)||On the ecology and conservation of Sericinus montelus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) – its threats in Xiaolongshan forests area (China)|
|Autor||Li, X.; Luo, Y.; Yang, H.; Yang, Q.; Settele, J.; Schweiger, O.|
|Journal / Serie||PLOS ONE|
Contents and Methods
Here we present a detailed analysis of the life history, mobility and habitat requirements of the butterfly Sericinus montelus on the basis of extensive field observations, experimental breeding, capture-mark- recapture (CMR) and transect surveys.
We found that S. montelus has three generations per year and overwinters as pupae on shrub branches in Xiaolongshan. The adults of first generation have a peak of emergence in late April. The second generation emerges at the end of June and the third in early to middle August. Within the study region, larvae of S. montelus are monophagous on Aristolochia contorta. Adults fly slowly and lay eggs in clusters.
Life tables show that natural enemies and human activities such as mowing, weeding and trampling during the egg and larval stages are key factors causing high mortality, killing up to 43% of eggs and 72% of larvae thereby limiting population growth and recovery.
The populations of S. montelus in Xiaolongshan have a rather patchy distribution. According to CMR data, adults fly a maximum distance of 700m within a lifespan of 6 days. The host plant A. contorta, grows along the low banks of fields, irrigation ditches and paths, and can be highly affected by agricultural activities, like mowing, weeding and herding, which impact larval survival.
For S. montelus should mainly focus on reducing agricultural threats to the host plant A. contorta and on increasing habitat connectivity.
|Li, X., Luo, Y., Yang, H., Yang, Q., Settele, J., Schweiger, O. (2016):
On the ecology and conservation of Sericinus montelus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) – its threats in Xiaolongshan forests area (China)
PLOS One 11 (3), e0150833