Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.ppees.2016.02.003
Titel (primär) Endogenous rhythmic growth, a trait suitable for the study of interplays between multitrophic interactions and tree development
Autor Herrmann, S.; Grams, T.E.E.; Tarkka, M.T.; Angay, O.; Bacht, M.; Bönn, M.; Feldhahn, L.; Graf, M.; Kurth, F.; Maboreke, H.; Mailander, S.; Recht, S.; Fleischmann, F.; Ruess, L.; Schädler, M.; Scheu, S.; Schrey, S.; Buscot, F.
Quelle Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
Department BZF; BOOEK; iDiv
Band/Volume 19
Seite von 40
Seite bis 48
Sprache englisch
Keywords TrophinOak; Quercus robur; Below- and aboveground trophic interactions; RNA-Seq; Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes; Ectomycorrhizal
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU1
Abstract As long-lived organisms, trees use resources to support both growth and below- and aboveground trophic interactions. Resources fluctuate in relation to periods of growth cease that are regulated by internal and external factors, and these fluctuations feed backs to trophic partners. Some major forest trees display an endogenous growth rhythm, and related pulses of variation in allocation of resources have been detected. As this trait makes it possible to separate growth into defined phases, it offers an opportunity to disentangle the intermingled complex regulation of growth and multitrophic interactions in trees. We present “TrophinOak”, a platform using microcuttings of pedunculated oak, a tree that displays endogenous rhythmic growth characterized by alternating shoot and root growth flushes. We select seven beneficial or detrimental above- and belowground partners including animals (Lymantria dispar, Pratylenchus penetrans, Protaphorura armata), fungi (Piloderma croceum, Microsphaera alphitoides, Phytophthora quercina) and bacteria (Streptomyces sp.), to synthesize bi- and tripartite trophic interactions, including ectomycorrhizal symbioses, and monitor fluctuations of carbon and nitrogen allocation as well as plant gene expression at distinct phases of oak growth. We use this model to identify and resolve the experimental challenges inherent in synthesizing diverse types of associations in a common microcosm system, in labeling plants with stable N and C isotopes and in analyzing transcripts in a non-model plant, a process which requires generating a specific contig library. We develop hypotheses and experimental design to test them in order to identify core mechanisms that help trees to modulate their own development and their multitrophic interactions for optimizing their long term performance in their environment. First results constitute a proof of concept that the platform works and enables us to test the hypotheses.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Herrmann, S., Grams, T.E.E., Tarkka, M.T., Angay, O., Bacht, M., Bönn, M., Feldhahn, L., Graf, M., Kurth, F., Maboreke, H., Mailander, S., Recht, S., Fleischmann, F., Ruess, L., Schädler, M., Scheu, S., Schrey, S., Buscot, F. (2016):
Endogenous rhythmic growth, a trait suitable for the study of interplays between multitrophic interactions and tree development
Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 19 , 40 - 48 10.1016/j.ppees.2016.02.003