<< zurück

Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Patterns of laccase and peroxidases in coarse woody debris of Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris and their relation to different wood parameters
Autor Arnstadt, T.; Hoppe, B.; Kahl, T.; Kellner, H.; Krüger, D.; Bässler, C.; Bauhus, J.; Hofrichter, M.;
Journal / Serie European Journal of Forest Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2016
Department BOOEK;
Band/Volume 135
Heft 1
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T12;
Keywords Laccase; Manganese peroxidase; General peroxidase; Dead wood; Lignin; Wood rot
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU1
Abstract Lignin and its degradation, particularly in forest ecosystems, play a major role in the global carbon cycle. Filamentous fungi equipped with extracellular oxidoreductases (oxidative enzymes), i.e., laccase, manganese-dependent peroxidases and several other peroxidases, are the key players in the bioconversion of lignin. In particular, for coarse woody debris (CWD), this process is poorly understood and the activities of laccase and peroxidases have never been studied on a large field scale. We investigated the activities of these enzymes in 701 samples of Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris CWD across three regions in Germany and analyzed their dependence on pH, water content, wood density, total lignin, organic extractives, metals, water-soluble lignin fragments and fungal species richness. Respective enzyme activities were present in 79 % of all samples, and the activities were highly variable and more frequent in F. sylvatica than in coniferous wood. Logistic regressions and correlations between enzyme activities and the variables revealed that the fungal community structure and the amount of water-soluble lignin fragments are most important determinants, and that the prevalent acidic pH in CWD is suitable to facilitate laccase and manganese peroxidase activities. Concentrations of metals (manganese, copper, iron) were sufficient to ensure synthesis and functioning of relevant enzymes. Based on this large field study, we conclude that laccase and peroxidases in CWD are highly relevant for lignin degradation, but the variable pattern of their secretion is the result of a complex array of wood parameters and the fungal community structure, which could only partly be resolved.
ID 16719
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16719
Arnstadt, T., Hoppe, B., Kahl, T., Kellner, H., Krüger, D., Bässler, C., Bauhus, J., Hofrichter, M. (2016):
Patterns of laccase and peroxidases in coarse woody debris of Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris and their relation to different wood parameters
Eur. J. For. Res. 135 (1), 109 - 124