Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.mib.2015.04.005
Titel (primär) Non-random distribution of macromolecules as driving forces for phenotypic variation
Autor Jahn, M.; Günther, S.; Müller, S.
Quelle Current Opinion in Microbiology
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Department UMB
Band/Volume 25
Seite von 49
Seite bis 55
Sprache englisch
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU4;
Abstract Clonal populations employ many strategies of diversification to deal with constraints. All these strategies result in the generation of different phenotypes with diverse functions. Events like cell division are major sources of phenotypic variability due to the unequal partitioning of cellular components. In this review we concentrate on passive and active mechanisms cells employ to distribute macromolecules between their offspring. Different types of segregation are described, addressing both metabolically pertinent molecules such as PHA/PHB or polyphosphates, and components that adversely affect cells by promoting aging, such as damaged protein complexes or extrachromosomal rDNA circles. We also refer to mechanisms generating plasmid copy number (PCN) variation between cells in a population, and how elaborate partitioning systems counteract partitioning errors and ensure equal distribution. Finally, we demonstrate how simple differences in chromosomal copy number determine the fate of a cell, in this case the effect of gene dosage on the onset of sporulation in Bacillus subtilis or on a functional trait in Sinorhizobium meliloti.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Jahn, M., Günther, S., Müller, S. (2015):
Non-random distribution of macromolecules as driving forces for phenotypic variation
Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 25 , 49 - 55 10.1016/j.mib.2015.04.005