Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Characterization of airborne ice-nucleation-active bacteria and bacterial fragments
Autor Šantl-Temkiv, T.; Sahyoun, M.; Finster, K.; Hartmann, S.; Augustin-Bauditz, S.; Stratmann, F.; Wex, H.; Clauss, T.; Woetmann Nielsen, N.; Havskov Sørensen, J.; Smith Korsholm, U.; Wick, L.Y.; Gosewinkel Karlson, U.;
Journal / Serie Atmospheric Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Department UMB;
Band/Volume 109
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T41;
Keywords INA bacteria; Ice nucleation; Airborne bacteria; Aeromicrobiology; Bioprecipitation; Outer membrane vesicles
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract Some bacteria have the unique capacity of synthesising ice-nucleation-active (INA) proteins and exposing them at their outer membrane surface. As INA bacteria enter the atmosphere, they may impact the formation of clouds and precipitation. We studied members of airborne bacterial communities for their capacity to catalyse ice formation and we report on the excretion of INA proteins by airborne Pseudomonas sp. We also observed for the first time that INA biological fragments <220 nm were present in precipitation samples (199 and 482 INA fragments per L of precipitation), which confirms the presence of submicron INA biological fragments in the atmosphere. During 14 precipitation events, strains affiliated with the genus Pseudomonas, which are known to carry ina genes, were dominant. A screening for INA properties revealed that ∼12% of the cultivable bacteria caused ice formation at ≤−7 °C. They had likely been emitted to the atmosphere from terrestrial surfaces, e.g. by convective transport. We tested the ability of isolated INA strains to produce outer membrane vesicles and found that two isolates could do so. However, only very few INA vesicles were released per INA cell. Thus, the source of the submicron INA proteinaceous particles that we detected in the atmosphere remains to be elucidated.
ID 16148
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16148
Šantl-Temkiv, T., Sahyoun, M., Finster, K., Hartmann, S., Augustin-Bauditz, S., Stratmann, F., Wex, H., Clauss, T., Woetmann Nielsen, N., Havskov Sørensen, J., Smith Korsholm, U., Wick, L.Y., Gosewinkel Karlson, U. (2015):
Characterization of airborne ice-nucleation-active bacteria and bacterial fragments
Atmos. Environ. 109 , 105 - 117