Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin in soil by compound-specific stable isotope analysis
Autor Xu, Z.; Shen, X.-C.; Liu, W.; Yang, F.;
Journal / Serie Journal of Hazardous Materials
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Department WANA;
Band/Volume 295
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T32;
Keywords Alpha-cypermethrin; Microbial degradation; Carbon isotope fractionation; Compound-specific stable isotope analysis
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU2;
Abstract To assess microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin in soil, attenuation of alpha-cypermethrin was investigated by compound-specific stable isotope analysis. The variations of the residual concentrations and stable carbon isotope ratios of alpha-cypermethrin were detected in unsterilized and sterilized soils spiked with alpha-cypermethrin. After an 80 days’ incubation, the concentrations of alpha-cypermethrin decreased to 0.47 and 3.41 mg/kg in the unsterilized soils spiked with 2 and 10 mg/kg, while those decreased to 1.43 and 6.61 mg/kg in the sterilized soils. Meanwhile, the carbon isotope ratios shifted to −29.14 ± 0.22‰ and −29.86 ± 0.33‰ in the unsterilized soils spiked with 2 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. The results revealed that microbial degradation contributed to the attenuation of alpha-cypermethrin and induced the carbon isotope fractionation. In order to quantitatively assess microbial degradation, a relationship between carbon isotope ratios and residual concentrations of alpha-cypermethrin was established according to Rayleigh equation. An enrichment factor, ϵ = −1.87‰ was obtained, which can be employed to assess microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin. The significant carbon isotope fractionation during microbial degradation suggests that CSIA is a proper approach to qualitatively detect and quantitatively assess the biodegradation during attenuation process of alpha-cypermethrin in the field.
ID 16052
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=16052
Xu, Z., Shen, X.-C., Liu, W., Yang, F. (2015):
Microbial degradation of alpha-cypermethrin in soil by compound-specific stable isotope analysis
J. Hazard. Mater. 295 , 37 - 42