Details zur Publikation
|Synergists and antagonists in the rhizosphere modulate microbial communities and growth of Quercus robur L.
|Caravaca, F.; Maboreke, H.; Kurth, F.; Herrmann, S.; Tarkka, M.T.; Ruess, L.
|Soil Biology & Biochemistry
|BZF; BOOEK; iDiv
|Ectomycorrhizal fungi; Rhizosphere helper bacteria; Nematodes; Oak; PLFAs
|The synergistic and antagonistic interactions among biotic components in the rhizosphere play a crucial role in plant defence against soil-borne pathogens. We investigated if the rhizosphere helper bacterium Streptomyces sp. AcH 505 (HB) indirectly protects the plant from the parasitic nematode Pratylenchus penetrans by modifying the rhizosphere microbial community structure and whether these interactions are dependent on the growth stage of oaks. Changes in the abundance of Streptomyces sp. AcH 505 and the phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) composition of the rhizosphere soil as well as oak shoot and root biomass were assessed. Investigated were the bud resting stage A and the bud swelling stage B with maximal root elongation of oak microcuttings at two successive harvest times. The deleterious effect of P. penetrans on oak biomass was dependent on plant development, being limited to oak microcuttings growing at the stage B. In comparison to control and HB inoculated soils, shoot biomass decreased by about 33% and 41%, and root biomass by about 33 and 48%, respectively. The antagonistic effect of Streptomyces against the nematode was linked to shifts in the rhizosphere microbial community. The Streptomyces AcH505 strain promoted growth of oak microcuttings at bud swelling stage B during maximal root elongation and enhanced the abundance of saprophytic and ectomycorrhizal fungi in the rhizosphere by 158% with respect to controls. Our results highlight the importance of Streptomyces for counteracting the damage of nematodes and promoting plant growth in natural ecosystems such as forests.
|Caravaca, F., Maboreke, H., Kurth, F., Herrmann, S., Tarkka, M.T., Ruess, L. (2015):
Synergists and antagonists in the rhizosphere modulate microbial communities and growth of Quercus robur L.
Soil Biol. Biochem. 82 , 65 - 73