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Titel (primär) Evaluation of the hazard potentials of river suspended particulate matter and floodplain soils in the Rhine basin using chemical analysis and in vitro bioassays
Autor Schulze, T.; Ulrich, M.; Maier, D.; Maier, M.; Terytze, K.; Braunbeck, T.; Hollert, H.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2015
Department WANA;
Band/Volume 22
Heft 19
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T32;
Supplements https://static-content.springer.com/esm/art%3A10.1007%2Fs11356-014-3707-9/MediaObjects/11356_2014_3707_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Keywords 7-Ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase; Acetonic extracts; Arthrobacter globiformis Cytotoxicity; Danio rerio; Dehydrogenase assay; Native samples; Soils; Suspended particulate matter
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU2;
Abstract The purpose of the present study was to assess the hazard potentials of contaminated suspended particulate matter (SPM) sampled during a flood event for floodplain soils using in vitro bioassays and chemical analysis. Sediment-contact tests were performed to evaluate the direct exposure of organisms to native soils and SPM at two different trophic levels. For comparison, acetonic extracts were tested using both contact tests and additionally two cell-based biotests for cytotoxicity and Ah receptor-mediated activity (EROD-Assay). The sediment-contact tests were carried out with the dehydrogenase assay with Arthrobacter globiformis and the fish embryo assay with Danio rerio. The results of this study clearly document that native samples may well be significantly more effective than corresponding extracts in the bacteria contact assay or the fish embryo test. These results question the commonly accepted concept that acetonic extracts are likely to overestimate the toxicity of soil and SPM samples. Likewise, the priority organic compounds analyzed failed to fully explain the toxic potential of the samples. The outcomes of this study revealed the insufficient knowledge regarding the relationship between the different exposure pathways. Finally, there is concern about adverse effects by settling suspended particulate matter and remobilized sediments in frequently inundated floodplain soils due to an increase of the hazard potential, if compared with infrequently inundated floodplain soils. We showed that the settling of SPM and sediments revealed a significant impact on the dioxin-like potencies of riparian soils.
ID 15417
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15417
Schulze, T., Ulrich, M., Maier, D., Maier, M., Terytze, K., Braunbeck, T., Hollert, H. (2015):
Evaluation of the hazard potentials of river suspended particulate matter and floodplain soils in the Rhine basin using chemical analysis and in vitro bioassays
Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 22 (19), 14606 - 14620