Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.06.022
Titel (primär) Retinoid-like activity and teratogenic effects of cyanobacterial exudates
Autor Jonas, A.; Buranova, V.; Scholz, S. ORCID logo ; Fetter, E.; Novakova, K.; Kohoutek, J.; Hilscherova, K.
Quelle Aquatic Toxicology
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
Department BIOTOX
Band/Volume 155
Seite von 283
Seite bis 293
Sprache englisch
Keywords Cyanobacteria; Developmental toxicity; Retinoids; Zebrafish embryo; All-trans retinoic acid
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract Retinoic acids and their derivatives have been recently identified by chemical analyses in cyanobacteria and algae. Given the essential role of retinoids for vertebrate development this has raised concerns about a potential risk for vertebrates exposed to retinoids during cyanobacterial blooms. Our study focuses on extracellular compounds produced by phytoplankton cells (exudates). In order to address the capacity for the production of retinoids or compounds with retinoid-like activity we compared the exudates of ten cyanobacteria and algae using in vitro reporter gene assay. Exudates of three cyanobacterial species showed retinoid-like activity in the range of 269–2265 ng retinoid equivalents (REQ)/L, while there was no detectable activity in exudates of the investigated algal species. The exudates of one green alga (Desmodesmus quadricaudus) and the two cyanobacterial species with greatest REQ levels, Microcystis aeruginosa and Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii, were selected for testing of the potential relation of retinoid-like activity to developmental toxicity in zebrafish embryos. The exudates of both cyanobacteria were indeed provoking diverse teratogenic effects (e.g. tail, spine and mouth deformation) and interference with growth in zebrafish embryos, while such effects were not observed for the alga. Fish embryos were also exposed to all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) in a range equivalent to the REQ concentrations detected in exudates by in vitro bioassays. Both the phenotypes and effective concentrations of exudates corresponded to ATRA equivalents, supporting the hypothesis that the teratogenic effects of cyanobacterial exudates are likely to be associated with retinoid-like activity. The study documents that some cyanobacteria are able to produce and release retinoid-like compounds into the environment at concentrations equivalent to those causing teratogenicity in zebrafish. Hence, the characterization of retinoid-like and teratogenic potency should be included in the assessment of the potential adverse effects caused by the release of toxic and bioactive compounds during cyanobacterial blooms.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Jonas, A., Buranova, V., Scholz, S., Fetter, E., Novakova, K., Kohoutek, J., Hilscherova, K. (2014):
Retinoid-like activity and teratogenic effects of cyanobacterial exudates
Aquat. Toxicol. 155 , 283 - 293 10.1016/j.aquatox.2014.06.022