Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Extensive review of fish embryo acute toxicities for the prediction of GHS acute systemic toxicity categories
Autor Scholz, S.; Ortmann, J.; Klüver, N.; Léonard, M.;
Journal / Serie Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
Department BIOTOX;
Band/Volume 69
Heft 3
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T42;
Keywords Acute systemic toxicity; 3Rs; LD50; Global harmonisation system; Fish embryo test; Animal experiments
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract Distribution and marketing of chemicals require appropriate labelling of health, physical and environmental hazards according to the United Nations global harmonisation system (GHS). Labelling for (human) acute toxicity categories is based on experimental findings usually obtained by oral, dermal or inhalative exposure of rodents. There is a strong societal demand for replacing animal experiments conducted for safety assessment of chemicals. Fish embryos are considered as alternative to animal testing and are proposed as predictive model both for environmental and human health effects. Therefore, we tested whether LC50s of the fish embryo acute toxicity test would allow effectively predicting of acute mammalian toxicity categories. A database of published fish embryo LC50 containing 641 compounds was established. For these compounds corresponding rat oral LD50 were identified resulting in 364 compounds for which both fish embryo LC50 and rat LD50 was available. Only a weak correlation of fish embryo LC50 and rat oral LD50 was obtained. Fish embryos were also not able to effectively predict GHS oral acute toxicity categories. We concluded that due to fundamental exposure protocol differences (single oral dose versus water-borne exposure) a reverse dosimetry approach is needed to explore the predictive capacity of fish embryos.
ID 15179
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=15179
Scholz, S., Ortmann, J., Klüver, N., Léonard, M. (2014):
Extensive review of fish embryo acute toxicities for the prediction of GHS acute systemic toxicity categories
Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 69 (3), 572 - 579