Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Sorption determination of phenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a multiphase constructed wetland system by solid phase microextraction
Autor Poerschmann, J.; Schultze-Nobre, L.;
Journal / Serie Science of the Total Environment
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
Department TUCHEM; UBT;
Band/Volume 482-483
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T41;
Keywords Phytoremediation; Root uptake; Solubility concept; Phenols; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract Non-degradative sorption of organic pollutants onto plant roots during phytoremediation is an essential retardation mechanism. To determine the extent of the attenuation processes the freely dissolved concentrations of organic solutes must be determined rather than their total concentrations. Thus, the assessment of attenuation caused by sorption onto plant compartments can be biased when using traditional methods. This bias holds especially true in cases of complex multiphase systems characterized by high concentrations of dissolved and suspended organic matter, both of them contributing to a reduction in concentration of the free solutes. A relatively new approach based on solid phase microextraction (SPME) circumvents these obstacles. SPME measures the true freely dissolved concentration of organic solutes without affecting the sorption equilibrium, thus allowing non-biased conclusions about ecotoxicological hazards of organic sorbates. Herein, sorption of phenols (including alkylated phenols) along with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) onto roots of Juncus effusus was investigated. Sorption coefficients in the complex system measured with SPME were significantly higher compared to those measured by traditional methods such as phase separation and solvent extraction. A concept based on Hildebrand solubility parameters was applied to interpret and predict sorption onto helophyte roots. The solubility parameter of the root sorbent was calculated as 26.1 (J cm− 3)0.5, which is between that of lignin and cellulose/hemicellulose.
ID 14687
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=14687
Poerschmann, J., Schultze-Nobre, L. (2014):
Sorption determination of phenols and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a multiphase constructed wetland system by solid phase microextraction
Sci. Total Environ. 482-483 , 234 - 240