Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Using compound-specific isotope analysis to assess the degradation of chloroacetanilide herbicides in lab-scale wetlands
Autor Elsayed, O.F.; Maillard, E.; Vuilleumier, S.; Nijenhuis, I.; Richnow, H.H.; Imfeld, G.;
Journal / Serie Chemosphere
Erscheinungsjahr 2014
Department ISOBIO;
Band/Volume 99
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T41;
Keywords Herbicide; Wetland; Carbon isotope fractionation; Biodegradation
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract Compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) is a promising tool to study the environmental fate of a wide range of contaminants including pesticides. In this study, a novel CSIA method was developed to analyse the stable carbon isotope signatures of widely used chloroacetanilide herbicides. The developed method was applied in combination with herbicide concentration and hydrochemical analyses to investigate in situ biodegradation of metolachlor, acetochlor and alachlor during their transport in lab-scale wetlands. Two distinct redox zones were identified in the wetlands. Oxic conditions prevailed close to the inlet of the four wetlands (oxygen concentration of 212 ± 24 μM), and anoxic conditions (oxygen concentrations of 28 ± 41 μM) prevailed towards the outlet, where dissipation of herbicides mainly occurred. Removal of acetochlor and alachlor from inlet to outlet of wetlands was 56% and 51%, whereas metolachlor was more persistent (23% of load dissipation). CSIA of chloroacetanilides at the inlet and outlet of the wetlands revealed carbon isotope fractionation of alachlor (εbulk = −2.0 ± 0.3‰) and acetochlor (εbulk = −3.4 ± 0.5‰), indicating that biodegradation contributes to the dissipation of both herbicides. This study is a first step towards the application of CSIA to evaluate the transport and degradation of chloroacetanilide herbicides in the environment.
ID 14451
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=14451
Elsayed, O.F., Maillard, E., Vuilleumier, S., Nijenhuis, I., Richnow, H.H., Imfeld, G. (2014):
Using compound-specific isotope analysis to assess the degradation of chloroacetanilide herbicides in lab-scale wetlands
Chemosphere 99 , 89 - 95