Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.10.008
Titel (primär) The poverty–vulnerability–resilience nexus: evidence from Bangladesh
Autor Akter, S.; Mallick, B.
Journal / Serie Ecological Economics
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
Department OEKON
Band/Volume 96
Seite von 114
Seite bis 124
Sprache englisch
Keywords State-and-transition model; Poverty; Socio-economic vulnerability; Socio-economic resilience; Natural disasters; Tropical cyclone; Bangladesh; Adaptive capacity
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU6
Abstract Vulnerability and resilience lie at the core of the new paradigm governing natural disaster risk management frameworks. However, empirical understandings of socio-economic resilience and its links with poverty and vulnerability are limited. This paper presents an empirical investigation of socio-economic resilience to natural disasters in a tropical cyclone-prone coastal community in Bangladesh. The results indicate that the cyclone in question had negative impacts on the community, particularly in terms of income, employment and access to clean water and sanitation. Consistent with the findings of the social vulnerability literature, our results also suggest that the poor were more vulnerable and suffered significantly higher economic, physical and structural damage. However, this high vulnerability did not necessarily lead to low resilience, as these individuals exhibited a greater ability to withstand the shock compared to their non-poor neighbors. This refutes the flip-side hypothesis of the link between vulnerability and resilience (i.e. vulnerability is the flip side of resilience). The findings imply that the increased risk of tropical cyclones is likely to reduce incomes and standards of living among the tropical coastal communities. However, the burden of these adverse impacts is unlikely to be disproportionally borne by the poorer segment of the society.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Akter, S., Mallick, B. (2013):
The poverty–vulnerability–resilience nexus: evidence from Bangladesh
Ecol. Econ. 96 , 114 - 124