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Titel (primär) Spatial patterns of groundwater-lake exchange – implications for acid neutralization processes in an acid mine lake
Autor Neumann, C.; Beer, J.; Blodau, C.; Peiffer, S.; Fleckenstein, J.H.;
Journal / Serie Hydrological Processes
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
Department HDG;
Band/Volume 27
Heft 22
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T31;
Keywords groundwater-lake exchange; acid mine lake; seepage flux; pH-profiles; chloride profiles; acid neutralization processes
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU2;
Abstract Exchange of groundwater and lake water with typically quite different chemical composition is an important driver for biogeochemical processes at the groundwater-lake interface, which can affect the water quality of lakes. This is of particular relevance in mine lakes where anoxic and slightly acidic groundwater mixes with oxic and acidic lake water (pH < 3). To identify links between groundwater-lake exchange rates and acid neutralization processes in the sediments, exchange rates were quantified and related to pore-water pH, sulfate and iron concentrations as well as sulfate reduction rates within the sediment. Seepage rates measured with seepage meters (−2.5 to 5.8 L m-2 d-1) were in reasonable agreement with rates inverted from modeled chloride profiles (−1.8 to 8.1 L m-2 d-1). Large-scale exchange patterns were defined by the (hydro)geologic setting but superimposed by smaller scale variations caused by variability in sediment texture. Sites characterized by groundwater upwelling (flow into the lake) and sites where flow alternated between upwelling and downwelling were identified. Observed chloride profiles at the alternating sites reflected the transient flow regime. Seepage direction, as well as seepage rate, were found to influence pH, sulfate and iron profiles and the associated sulfate reduction rates. Under alternating conditions proton-consuming processes, for example, sulfate reduction, were slowed. In the uppermost layer of the sediment (max. 5 cm), sulfate reduction rates were significantly higher at upwelling (>330 nmol g-1 d-1) compared to alternating sites (<220 nmol g-1 d-1). Although differences in sulfate reduction rates could not be explained solely by different flux rates, they were clearly related to the prevailing groundwater-lake exchange patterns and the associated pH conditions. Our findings strongly suggest that groundwater-lake exchange has significant effects on the biogeochemical processes that are coupled to sulfate reduction such as acidity retention and precipitation of iron sulfides.
ID 14107
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=14107
Neumann, C., Beer, J., Blodau, C., Peiffer, S., Fleckenstein, J.H. (2013):
Spatial patterns of groundwater-lake exchange – implications for acid neutralization processes in an acid mine lake
Hydrol. Process. 27 (22), 3240 - 3253