Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.08.005
Titel (primär) Developing a list of reference chemicals for testing alternatives to whole fish toxicity tests
Autor Schirmer, K.; Tanneberger, K.; Kramer, N.I.; Völker, D.; Scholz, S. ORCID logo ; Hafner, C.; Lee, L.E.J.; Bols, N.C.; Hermens, J.L.M.
Quelle Aquatic Toxicology
Erscheinungsjahr 2008
Department ZELLTOX
Band/Volume 90
Heft 2
Seite von 128
Seite bis 137
Sprache englisch
Keywords Alternatives to animal testing; Chemical database; Cell lines; Fish embryo; Acute fish lethality test
Abstract This paper details the derivation of a list of 60 reference chemicals for the development of alternatives to animal testing in ecotoxicology with a particular focus on fish. The chemicals were selected as a prerequisite to gather mechanistic information on the performance of alternative testing systems, namely vertebrate cell lines and fish embryos, in comparison to the fish acute lethality test. To avoid the need for additional experiments with fish, the U.S. EPA fathead minnow database was consulted as reference for whole organism responses. This database was compared to the Halle Registry of Cytotoxicity and a collation of data by the German EPA (UBA) on acute toxicity data derived from zebrafish embryos. Chemicals that were present in the fathead minnow database and in at least one of the other two databases were subject to selection. Criteria included the coverage of a wide range of toxicity and physico-chemical parameters as well as the determination of outliers of the in vivo/in vitro correlations. While the reference list of chemicals now guides our research for improving cell line and fish embryo assays to make them widely applicable, the list could be of benefit to search for alternatives in ecotoxicology in general. One example would be the use of this list to validate structure-activity prediction models, which in turn would benefit from a continuous extension of this list with regard to physico-chemical and toxicological data.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Schirmer, K., Tanneberger, K., Kramer, N.I., Völker, D., Scholz, S., Hafner, C., Lee, L.E.J., Bols, N.C., Hermens, J.L.M. (2008):
Developing a list of reference chemicals for testing alternatives to whole fish toxicity tests
Aquat. Toxicol. 90 (2), 128 - 137 10.1016/j.aquatox.2008.08.005