Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Response of ammonium removal to growth and transpiration of Juncus effusus during the treatment of artificial sewage in laboratory-scale wetlands
Autor Wiessner, A.; Kappelmeyer, U.; Kaestner, M.; Schultze-Nobre, L.; Kuschk, P.;
Journal / Serie Water Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
Department UBT;
Band/Volume 47
Heft 13
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T41;
Keywords Ammonium removal; Artificial sewage; Constructed wetland; Juncus effusus; Methanogenesis; Nitrification; Ammonium uptake; Plant transpiration
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU3;
Abstract The correlation between nitrogen removal and the role of the plants in the rhizosphere of constructed wetlands are the subject of continuous discussion, but knowledge is still insufficient. Since the influence of plant growth and physiological activity on ammonium removal has not been well characterized in constructed wetlands so far, this aspect is investigated in more detail in model wetlands under defined laboratory conditions using Juncus effusus for treating an artificial sewage. Growth and physiological activity, such as plant transpiration, have been found to correlate with both the efficiency of ammonium removal within the rhizosphere of Juncus effusus and the methane formation. The uptake of ammonium by growing plant stocks is within in a range of 45.5 %, but under conditions of plant growth stagnation, a further nearly complete removal of the ammonium load points to the likely existence of additional nitrogen removal processes. In this way, a linear correlation between the ammonium concentration inside the rhizosphere and the transpiration of the plant stocks implies that an influence of plant physiological activity on the efficiency of N-removal exists. Furthermore, a linear correlation between methane concentration and plant transpiration has been estimated. The findings indicate a fast response of redox processes to plant activities. Accordingly, not only the influence of plant transpiration activity on the plant-internal convective gas transport, the radial oxygen loss by the plant roots and the efficiency of nitrification within the rhizosphere, but also the nitrogen gas released by phytovolatilization are discussed. The results achieved by using an unplanted control system are different in principle and characterized by a low efficiency of ammonium removal and a high methane enrichment of up to a maximum of 72.7 % saturation.
ID 13717
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=13717
Wiessner, A., Kappelmeyer, U., Kaestner, M., Schultze-Nobre, L., Kuschk, P. (2013):
Response of ammonium removal to growth and transpiration of Juncus effusus during the treatment of artificial sewage in laboratory-scale wetlands
Water Res. 47 (13), 4265 - 4273