Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Read-across prediction of the acute toxicity of organic compounds toward the water flea Daphnia magna
Autor Kühne, R.; Ebert, R.-U.; von der Ohe, P.C.; Ulrich, N.; Brack, W.; Schüürmann, G.;
Journal / Serie Molecular Informatics
Erscheinungsjahr 2013
Department OEC; WANA;
Band/Volume 32
Heft 1
Sprache englisch;
POF III (gesamt) T42;
Keywords Read-across; Aquatic Toxicity; Toxicity enhancement; Atom-centered fragments; Daphnia magna; Baseline narcosis
UFZ Querschnittsthemen RU2;
Abstract According to the European REACH Directive, the acute daphnid toxicity needs to be assessed for industrial chemicals with market volumes ≥1 t/a. Employing a data set of 1365 organic compounds with experimental 48-h LC50 data for Daphnia magna, a read-across approach has been developed that makes use of the atom-centered fragment (ACF) method as quantitative measure for structural similarity. Both quantitative log LC50 predictions and a discrimination between narcosis-level and excess toxicity can be obtained, augmented by similarity-triggered information that characterizes a compound as inside or outside the quantitative or qualitative model domain. Reading across proceeds as interpolation of the toxicity enhancement (Te) over predicted narcosis-level toxicity, taking experimental log Te values from similarity-selected reference compounds as input. The resultant decision tree model yields r2=0.85 and rms=0.66 for the subset of 757 compounds (56 %) identified as inside the quantitative model domain, and can handle further 318 compounds (23 %) with the categorical submodel, with 290 compounds (21 %) being outside its domain. The new in silico approach appears useful as ITS (Integrated Testing Strategy) tool for the daphnid toxicity assessment. The discussion includes a comparison of Kow- and LSER-predicted narcosis-level toxicity in the read-across context.

ID 13241
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=13241
Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U., von der Ohe, P.C., Ulrich, N., Brack, W., Schüürmann, G. (2013):
Read-across prediction of the acute toxicity of organic compounds toward the water flea Daphnia magna
Mol. Inf. 32 (1), 108 - 120