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Titel (primär) Mechanistic study of 17α-ethinylestradiol biodegradation by Pleurotus ostreatus: tracking of extracelullar and intracelullar degradation mechanisms
Autor Křesinová, Z.; Moeder, M.; Ezechiáš, M.; Svobodová, K.; Cajthaml, T.;
Journal / Serie Environmental Science & Technology
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
Department ANA;
Band/Volume 46
Heft 24
Sprache englisch;
Abstract
The white rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus is able to completely remove the synthetic hormone 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2, 200 μg in 20 mL) from a liquid complex or mineral medium in 3 or 14 days, respectively. Its efficiency has also been documented in the removal of estrogenic activity that correlated with the EE2 degradation. A set of in vitro experiments using various cellular and enzyme fractions has been performed and the results showed that EE2 was degraded by isolated laccase (about 90% within 24 h). The degradation was also tested with concentrated extracellular liquid where degradation reached 50% mainly due to the laccase activity; however, after a supplementation with H2O2 and Mn2+, residual manganese-dependent peroxidase activities (40 times lower than Lac) raised the degradation to 100%. Moreover, the intracellular fraction and also laccase-like activity associated with fungal mycelium were found to be efficient in the degradation too. Isolated microsomal proteins appeared to also be involved in the process. The degradation was completely suppressed in the presence of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors, piperonylbutoxide and carbon monoxide, indicating a role of this monooxygenase in the degradation process. Attention was also paid to monitoring of changes in the estrogenic activity during these particular in vitro experiments when mainly degradations related to ligninolytic enzymes were found to decrease the estrogenic activity with EE2 removal proportionally. Several novel metabolites of EE2 were detected using different chromatographic method with mass spectrometric techniques (LC-MS, GC-MS) including also [13C]-labeled substrates. The results document the involvement of various different simultaneous mechanisms in the EE2 degradation by P. ostreatus by both the ligninolytic system and the eukaryotic machinery of cytochromes P-450.
ID 13113
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=13113
Křesinová, Z., Moeder, M., Ezechiáš, M., Svobodová, K., Cajthaml, T. (2012):
Mechanistic study of 17α-ethinylestradiol biodegradation by Pleurotus ostreatus: tracking of extracelullar and intracelullar degradation mechanisms
Environ. Sci. Technol. 46 (24), 13377 - 13385