Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Interplay between oxygen demand reactions and kinetic gas-water transfer in porous media
Autor Oswald, S.E.; Griepentrog, M.; Schirmer, M.; Balcke, G.U.;
Journal / Serie Water Research
Erscheinungsjahr 2008
Department HDG;
Band/Volume 42
Heft 14
Sprache englisch;
Keywords Oxygen demand; Gas sparging; Gas-water mass transfer; Groundwater; Oxygenation; Remediation; Biosparging; Pyrogallol; Air sparging
Abstract Gas-water phase transfer associated with the dissolution of trapped gas in porous media is a key process that occurs during pulsed gas sparging operations in contaminated aquifers. Recently, we applied a numerical model that was experimentally validated for abiotic situations, where multi-species kinetic inter-phase mass transfer and dissolved gas transport occurred during pulsed gas penetration-dissolution events [Balcke, G.U., Meenken, S., Hoefer, C. and Oswald, S.E., 2007. Kinetic gas-water transfer and gas accumulation in porous media during pulsed oxygen sparging. Environmental Science & Technology 41(12), 4428-4434]. Here we extend the model by using a reactive term to describe dissolved oxygen demand reactions via the formation of a reaction product, and to study the effects of such an aerobic degradation process on gas-water mass transfer and dissolution of trapped gas in porous media. As a surrogate for microbial oxygen reduction, first-order oxygen demand reactions were based on the measured oxidation of alkaline pyrogallol in column experiments. This reaction allows for adjusting the rate to values close to expected biodegradation rates and detection of the reaction product. The experiments and model consistently demonstrated accelerated oxygen gas-water mass transfer with increasing oxygen demand rates associated with an influence on the partitioning of other gases. Thus, as the oxygen demand accelerates, less gas phase residues, consisting mainly of nitrogen, are observed, which is in general beneficial to the performance of field biosparging operations. Model results additionally predict how oxygen demand influences oxygen mass transfer for a range of biodegradation rates. A typical field case scenario was simulated to illustrate the observed coupling of oxygen consumption and gas bubble dissolution. The model provides a tool to improve understanding of trapped gas behavior in porous media and contributes to a model-assisted biosparging.
ID 1283
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=1283
Oswald, S.E., Griepentrog, M., Schirmer, M., Balcke, G.U. (2008):
Interplay between oxygen demand reactions and kinetic gas-water transfer in porous media
Water Res. 42 (14), 3579 - 3590