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Titel (primär) Variation of the by-product spectrum during α-ketoglutaric acid production from raw glycerol by overexpression of fumarase and pyruvate carboxylase genes in Yarrowia lipolytica
Autor Otto, C.; Yovkova, V.; Aurich, A.; Mauersberger, S.; Barth, G.;
Journal / Serie Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
Department UBZ;
Band/Volume 95
Heft 4
Sprache englisch;
Keywords fumarase;pyruvate carboxylase;α-ketoglutaric acid;product selectivity;raw glycerol ;Yarrowia lipolytica
Abstract

The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica secretes high amounts of various organic acids, like citric, isocitric, pyruvic (PA), and α-ketoglutaric (KGA) acids, triggered by growth limitation and excess of carbon source. This is leading to an increased interest in this non-conventional yeast for biotechnological applications. To improve the KGA production by Y. lipolytica for an industrial application, it is necessary to reduce the amounts of by-products, e.g., fumarate (FU) and PA, because production of by-products is a main disadvantage of the KGA production by this yeast. We have examined whether the concentration of secreted organic acids (main product KGA and PA as major by-product and FU, malate (MA), and succinate (SU) as minor by-products) can be influenced by a gene–dose-dependent overexpression of fumarase (FUM) or pyruvate carboxylase (PYC) genes under KGA production conditions. Recombinant Y. lipolytica strains were constructed, which harbor multiple copies of the respective FUM1, PYC1 or FUM1, and PYC1 genes. Overexpression of the genes FUM1 and PYC1 resulted in strongly increased specific enzyme activities during cultivation of these strains on raw glycerol as carbon source in bioreactors. The recombinant Y. lipolytica strains showed different product selectivity of the secreted organic acids KGA, PA, FU, MA, and SU. Concentrations of the by-products FU, MA, SU, and PA decreased significantly at overproduction of FUM and increased at overproduction of PYC and also of FUM and PYC simultaneously. In contrast, the production of KGA with the multicopy strains H355A(FUM1) and H355A(FUM1-PYC1) was comparable with the wild-type strain H355 or slightly lower in case of H355(PYC1). KGA productivity was not changed significantly compared with strain H355 whereas product selectivity of the main product KGA was increased in H355A(FUM1).

ID 12794
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=12794
Otto, C., Yovkova, V., Aurich, A., Mauersberger, S., Barth, G. (2012):
Variation of the by-product spectrum during α-ketoglutaric acid production from raw glycerol by overexpression of fumarase and pyruvate carboxylase genes in Yarrowia lipolytica
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 95 (4), 905 - 917