Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1002/jpln.200625039
Titel (primär) Placing soil-genesis and transport processes into a landscape context: a multiscale terrain-analysis approach
Autor Möller, M.; Volk, M.; Friedrich, K.; Lymburner, L.
Quelle Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
Erscheinungsjahr 2008
Department CLE
Band/Volume 171
Heft 3
Seite von 419
Seite bis 430
Sprache englisch
Keywords landforms; terrain analysis; landform semantics; segmentation; mass-balance index
Abstract Landforms and landscape context are of particular importance in understanding the processes of soil genesis and soil formation in the spatial domain. Consequently, many approaches for soil generation are based on classifications of commonly available digital elevation models (DEM). However, their application is often restricted by the lack of transferability to other, more heterogeneous, landscapes. Part of the problem is the lack of broadly accepted definitions of topographic location based on landscape context. These issues arise because of: (1) the scale dependencies of landscape pattern and processes, (2) different DEM qualities, and (3) different expert perceptions. To address these problems, we suggest a hierarchical terrain-classification procedure for defining landscape context. The classification algorithm described in this paper handles object detection and classification separately. Landscape objects are defined at multiple scales using a region-based segmentation algorithm which allows each object to be placed into a hierarchical landscape context. The classification is carried out using the terrain attribute mass-balance index across a range of scales. Soil genesis and transport processes at established field sites were used to guide the classification process. The method was tested in Saxony-Anhalt (Germany), an area that contains heterogeneous land surfaces and soil substrates. The resulting maps represent adaptation degrees between classifications and 191 semantically identified random samples. The map with the best adaptation has an overall accuracy of 89%.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Möller, M., Volk, M., Friedrich, K., Lymburner, L. (2008):
Placing soil-genesis and transport processes into a landscape context: a multiscale terrain-analysis approach
J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 171 (3), 419 - 430 10.1002/jpln.200625039