Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1007/s00253-012-4025-0
Volltext Shareable Link
Titel (primär) Key players and team play: anaerobic microbial communities in hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifers
Autor Kleinsteuber, S. ORCID logo ; Schleinitz, K.M.; Vogt, C.
Quelle Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Erscheinungsjahr 2012
Department ISOBIO; UMB
Band/Volume 94
Heft 4
Seite von 851
Seite bis 873
Sprache englisch
Keywords Anoxic aquifers; Functional diversity; Stable isotope probing; Single cell analytics; Metagenomics; Syntrophy

Biodegradation of anthropogenic pollutants in shallow aquifers is an important microbial ecosystem service which is mainly brought about by indigenous anaerobic microorganisms. For the management of contaminated sites, risk assessment and control of natural attenuation, the assessment of in situ biodegradation and the underlying microbial processes is essential. The development of novel molecular methods, “omics” approaches, and high-throughput techniques has revealed new insight into complex microbial communities
and their functions in anoxic environmental systems. This review summarizes recent advances in the application of molecular methods to study anaerobic microbial communities in contaminated terrestrial subsurface ecosystems. We focus on current approaches to analyze composition, dynamics, and functional diversity of subsurface communities, to link identity to activity and metabolic function, and to identify the ecophysiological role of not yet cultured microbes and syntrophic consortia. We discuss recent molecular surveys of contaminated sites from an ecological viewpoint regarding degrader ecotypes, abiotic factors shaping anaerobic communities, and biotic interactions underpinning the importance of microbial cooperation for microbial ecosystem services such as contaminant degradation.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Kleinsteuber, S., Schleinitz, K.M., Vogt, C. (2012):
Key players and team play: anaerobic microbial communities in hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifers
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 94 (4), 851 - 873 10.1007/s00253-012-4025-0