Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Nitrogen as an indicator of mass transfer during in-situ gas sparging
Autor Balcke, G.U.; Hahn, M.; Oswald, S.E.;
Journal / Serie Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
Department HDG;
Band/Volume 126
Heft 1-2
Sprache englisch;
Keywords Inter-phase mass transfer; Groundwater; Remediation; Gas sparging; Nitrogen; Methane; Kinetics; Bitterfeld
Abstract

Aiming at the stimulation of intrinsic microbial activity, pulses of pure oxygen or pressurized air were recurrently injected into groundwater polluted with chlorobenzene. To achieve well-controlled conditions and intensive sampling, a large, vertical underground tank was filled with the local unconfined sandy aquifer material. In the course of two individual gas injections, one using pure oxygen and one using pressurized air, the mass transfer of individual gas species between trapped gas phase and groundwater was studied. Field data on the dissolved gas composition in the groundwater were combined with a kinetic model on gas dissolution and transport in porous media. Phase mass transfer of individual gas components caused a temporary enrichment of nitrogen, and to a lower degree of methane, in trapped gas leading to the formation of excess dissolved nitrogen levels downgradient from the dissolving gas phase. By applying a novel gas sampling method for dissolved gases in groundwater it was shown that dissolved nitrogen can be used as a partitioning tracer to indicate complete gas dissolution in porous media.
ID 11996
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=11996
Balcke, G.U., Hahn, M., Oswald, S.E. (2011):
Nitrogen as an indicator of mass transfer during in-situ gas sparging
J. Contam. Hydrol. 126 (1-2), 8 - 18