Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.09.012
Titel (primär) Monthly monitoring of gas and isotope compositions in the free gas phase at degassing locations close to the Nový Kostel focal zone in the western Eger Rift, Czech Republic
Autor Bräuer, K.; Kämpf, H.; Koch, U.; Strauch, G.
Quelle Chemical Geology
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
Department HDG; CATHYD
Band/Volume 290
Heft 3-4
Seite von 163
Seite bis 176
Sprache englisch
Keywords Magmatic CO2; 3He/4He ratios; Magma intrusion; Earthquake swarms; European Cenozoic rift

We report new data on gas and isotope compositions of mantle-derived exhalations from five locations in the Vogtland (Germany)/NW Bohemia (Czech Republic) area, close to the Nový Kostel focal zone, recorded by monthly sampling of gases over a three year period. This region is the locus typicus for the term “earthquake swarm”; since 1985/86 the largest numbers of earthquake swarms in the Vogtland/NW Bohemia have occurred in the Nový Kostel focal zone. Mantle-derived degassing has been studied at four locations within the Cheb Basin degassing centre, and at the Wettinquelle spring to the north on the edge of the Cheb Basin. The Bublák and U Mostku locations are on the Počatky Plesná Fault Zone (PPZ) while the Kopanina and Dolni Častkov locations are on the Mariánské Láznĕ Fault (MLF). The mantle-derived helium content at locations along the PPZ covers the range of the sub-continental lithospheric mantle (SCLM). Along the MLF the 3He/4He ratios are with up to 5.4 Ra a little bit lower as at the PPZ locations. The CO2/3He ratios point to a predominantly magmatic source. Depending on the magnitude of gas flux the monthly sampling results indicated various major influences on the fluid signatures at the monitored locations due to seasonal cycles based on the different strong influence of CO2/water interaction. Micro-seismicity occurred repeatedly during the monitoring period and seismically triggered geochemical anomalies were repeatedly observed at the locations close to the focal zone. The 3He/4He ratios drop from 5.9 Ra (mean) up to 5.6 Ra at Bublák and from 5.6 Ra up to 5.3 Ra at U Mostku. A decrease in 3He/4He ratios was observed prior to seismic events due to stress accumulation before rupturing, and also after the events due to the release of crustal-derived components within the area of the focal zone. Due to the higher ‘helium baseline content’ of the Kopanina gas the 3He/4He ratios decreased there only from 4.6 to 4.5 Ra. At the Wettinquelle, the most distant from the focal zone, the 3He/4He ratios ranged between 2.3 and 2.5 Ra altogether. Superimposed to the seismically induced anomalies a clear three month-lasting increase of mantle-derived helium was observed at the locations on the PPZ. The 3He/4He ratios increased to 6.3 Ra at Bublák and to 6.0 Ra at U Mostku. An increase in the 3He/4He ratios was also noted at Kopanina (to 4.7 Ra) and Dolni Častkov (to 5.4 Ra), interpreted as indicating an ascent of less degassed magma (dyke intrusions) from the deeper lithospheric mantle reservoir. Superimposed geochemical effects initiated by the temporal and spatial evolution of a hidden magmatic-driven geodynamic process have therefore been observed in a continental rift system for the first time.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Bräuer, K., Kämpf, H., Koch, U., Strauch, G. (2011):
Monthly monitoring of gas and isotope compositions in the free gas phase at degassing locations close to the Nový Kostel focal zone in the western Eger Rift, Czech Republic
Chem. Geol. 290 (3-4), 163 - 176 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.09.012