Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Degradation efficiency and molecular size alteration during the aerobic microbial treatment of lignite pyrolysis deposit water
Autor Martius, G.G.S.; Wießner, A.; Stottmeister, U.;
Journal / Serie Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Erscheinungsjahr 1996
Department UBT; GF;
Band/Volume 45
Heft 5
Sprache englisch;
Abstract

Investigations into aerobic biological degrada-tion were carried out as part of an extensive programme designed to facilitate the cheap remediation of a pyrolysis waste-water deposit. Attention was focused on the processes of carbon conversion by different populations. The susceptibility of a body of lignite-processing deposit water to microbiological degradation was examined in batch investigations in a Sapromat system and in continuous bench-scale fermenter cultivations, with respect to nutrient supply, inoculation culture and molecular size distribution. It was found that degradation best occurs with an adapted mixed culture. The autochthonous culture removes 30% less dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and has a 40% higher specific oxygen demand. A shortage of phosphorus, investigated with a view to avoiding additional eutrophication problems in the open water in the case of in situ remediation, causes reduced DOC degrada-tion and significantly higher specific oxygen demand. The biological process is overlapped by abiotic oxidation. During aerobic treatment, a concentration of colour-giving aromatic substances of between 0.5 kDa and 5 kDa was observed. This phenomenon is caused by the oxidation of low- and high-molecular-mass compounds. The removal of DOC is limited to 65% and mainly occurs in the range below 0.5 kDa (30%) and in the 0.5–1 kDa range (12%); the removal is negligible in the ranges 1–3 kDa (0.8%) and 3–5 kDa (2%) and a little higher in the ranges 5 kDa–0.3 μm (5%) and above 0.3 μm (6%). In the investigations it was discovered that DOC removal causes in the ranges below 0.5 kDa, 0.5–1 kDa and 5 kDa–0.3 μm mainly as a result of degradation, but the range above 0.3 μm is chiefly caused by bioadsorption. Aerobic microbiological treatment is able to remove most low-molecular-mass substances. In order to remove the macromolecular and colour-giving part of the deposit water, an additional treatment stage, e.g. flocculation, is required.

ID 11279
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=11279
Martius, G.G.S., Wießner, A., Stottmeister, U. (1996):
Degradation efficiency and molecular size alteration during the aerobic microbial treatment of lignite pyrolysis deposit water
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 45 (5), 692 - 699