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Referenztyp Buchkapitel
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Investigation of catchment areas migrations through a sinstral and dextral strike slip faults: the case study of Zerka Ma'in and Al Hasa catchment areas, east of the Dead Sea in Jordan
Titel (sekundär) 4th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Geology and Seismology (GES '10), Cambridge, UK, February 20-25, 2010
Autor Odeh, T.; Gloaguen, R.; Schirmer, M.; Geyer, S.; Rödiger, T.; Siebert, C.;
Herausgeber Schmitter, E.D.; Mastorakis, N.;
Journal / Serie Energy and Environmental Engineering Series
Erscheinungsjahr 2010
Department CATHYD;
Sprache englisch;
Keywords DEM; Dead Sea; Strike slip fault; Surface deformation; Catchment area migration
Abstract Three major catchment areas discharge surface water directly into the eastern side of the Dead Sea namely: 1) Wadi Al Hasa catchment area, 2) Wadi Al Mujib catchment area and 3) Wadi Zerka Ma'in catchment area. They have areas of about 6596, 2520 and 272 km², respectively. Digital elevation models (DEMs), of 30 m and 5m resolutions, within a geographical information system (GIS) were used to extract the drainage network of the catchment areas. The northern part of Wadi Al Mujib catchment area has a similar drainage network as Wadi Zerka Ma'in that runs from the north to the west while the southern part of Wadi Al Mujib has a drainage network similar as Wadi Al Hasa that runs from the south to the west. The surface deformation of the border areas, between Al Mujib and the other two catchment areas, indicates a W - E dextral strike slip fault with a displacement reaching up to 12 km in the Wadi Zerka Ma'in side and a NW- SE sinstral strike slip fault with a displacement reaching 24 km into Wadi Al Hasa side. The displacements were estimated through measuring the drainage network shifting. The age is Pleistocene for the dextral fault and middle Miocene for the sinstral one. However, the two catchment areas were drainage network branches from the Wadi Al Mujib catchment area and split throw the strike slip faults that led to migrate the drainage network and formed independent catchment areas. A simplified geomorphological model is described how the previous process was carried out by using the capacity of GIS to manipulate, subset the DEMs and converting it to vectors.
ID 10363
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung http://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=10363
Odeh, T., Gloaguen, R., Schirmer, M., Geyer, S., Rödiger, T., Siebert, C. (2010):
Investigation of catchment areas migrations through a sinstral and dextral strike slip faults: the case study of Zerka Ma'in and Al Hasa catchment areas, east of the Dead Sea in Jordan
In: Schmitter, E.D., Mastorakis, N. (eds.)
4th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Geology and Seismology (GES '10), Cambridge, UK, February 20-25, 2010
Energy and Environmental Engineering Series
World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS), Athens, p. 120 - 126