Details zur Publikation

Kategorie Textpublikation
Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.08.005
Titel (primär) Clogging in subsurface-flow treatment wetlands: occurrence and contributing factors
Autor Knowles, P.R.; Dotro, G.C.; Nivala, J.; García, J.
Quelle Ecological Engineering
Erscheinungsjahr 2011
Department UBZ
Band/Volume 37
Heft 2
Seite von 99
Seite bis 112
Sprache englisch
Keywords Clog matter; Constructed wetland; Design; Horizontal flow; Vertical flow; Loading rates; Review
Abstract Clogging is a major operational and maintenance issue associated with the use of subsurface flow wetlands for wastewater treatment, and can ultimately limit the lifetime of the system. This review considers over two decades of accumulated knowledge regarding clogging in both vertical and horizontal subsurface flow treatment wetlands. The various physical, chemical and biological factors responsible for clogging are identified and discussed. The occurrence of clogging is placed into the context of various design and operational parameters such as wastewater characteristics, upstream treatment processes, intermittent or continuous operation, influent distribution, and media type. This information is then used to describe how clogging develops within, and subsequently impacts, common variants of subsurface flow treatment wetland typically used in the U.S., U.K., France and Germany. Comparison of these systems emphasized that both hydraulic loading rate and solids loading rate need to be considered when designing systems to operate robustly, i.e. hydraulic overloading makes horizontal-flow tertiary treatment systems in the U.K. more susceptible to clogging problems than vertical-flow primary treatment systems in France. Future research should focus on elucidating the underlying mechanisms of clogging as they relate to the design, operation, and maintenance of subsurface flow treatment wetlands.
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Knowles, P.R., Dotro, G.C., Nivala, J., García, J. (2011):
Clogging in subsurface-flow treatment wetlands: occurrence and contributing factors
Ecol. Eng. 37 (2), 99 - 112 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.08.005