Details zur Publikation

Referenztyp Zeitschriften
DOI / URL Link
Titel (primär) Trophic interactions of the pelagic ciliate Stentor spp. in North Patagonian lakes
Autor Kamjunke, N.; Vogt, B.; Woelfl, S.;
Journal / Serie Limnologica
Erscheinungsjahr 2009
Department FLOEK;
Band/Volume 39
Heft 2
Sprache englisch;
Keywords Mixotrophic ciliates; Stentor; Fish predation; Bacteria; North Patagonian lakes
Abstract The zooplankton of oligotrophic lakes in North Patagonia is often dominated by mixotrophic ciliates, particularly Stentor amethystinus and Stentor araucanus. Therefore, we tested whether Stentor spp. (i) is an important food for juvenile endemic (Cheirodon australe, Galaxias maculatus, Odontesthes mauleanum, Percichthys trucha) and introduced (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fish species, and (ii) represents a remarkable grazer of bacteria. Ingestion rates of fish estimated by disappearance of Stentor in feeding experiments ranged between 8 (G. maculatus) and 53 (C. australe) ciliates per fish and day, and assimilation rates measured by using radioactively labelled Stentor ranged between 3 (P. trucha) and 52 (C. australe) ciliates per fish and day. However, although we detected the consumption of Stentor by fish, the daily consumption amounted to at most 0.2% of the fish biomass which can not cover the energy requirement of the fish. Furthermore, the daily consumption was equivalent to a maximum of 1.6% of the Stentor standing stock so that fish predation does not seem to be an important mortality factor for the ciliates. The clearance rate of Stentor sp. on natural bacteria was on average 3.8 µl cil-1 h-1. The daily ingestion (mean 3.9 ng C cil-1 d-1) was about 3.5% of the individual biomass of Stentor sp. Therefore, bacteria ingestion might explain a ciliate growth rate of appr. 1% d-1, which was about 17% of the photosynthesis of endosymbiotic algae. The maximum density of Stentor sp. in the lake could ingest about 1 µg C L-1 d-1 bacteria which is only 3% of average bacterial production. Thus, grazing by Stentor sp. does not seem to be a main loss factor for the bacteria.
ID 10138
dauerhafte UFZ-Verlinkung
Kamjunke, N., Vogt, B., Woelfl, S. (2009):
Trophic interactions of the pelagic ciliate Stentor spp. in North Patagonian lakes
Limnologica 39 (2), 107 - 114