Details zur Publikation
|Titel (primär)||Psychosozialer Stress im Kindesalter und allergische Sensibilisierung. Stressful life events in childhood and allergic sensitisation|
|Autor||Herberth, G. ; Röder, S. ; Bockelbrink, T.; Schäfer, T.; Borte, M.; Herbarth, O.; Krämer, U.; Behrendt, H.; Sausenthaler, S.; Heinrich, J.; Lehmann, I.|
|Journal / Serie||Allergologie|
Stressful life events evidently have an impact on development of allergic diseases, but the mechanism linking stress to pathological changes of immune system function is still not fully understood. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between stressful life events, neuropeptide and cytokine concentrations in children as well as the association between early stressful life events and atopic eczema (AE). Within the LISAplus (Life style - Immune system Allergy) study, blood samples from children of 6 years of age were analyzed for concentration of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM), substance P (SP) and the Th1/Th2 cytokines IFN-gamma and IL-4. Life events such as severe disease or death of a family member, unemployment or divorce of the parents were assessed with a questionnaire filled in by the parents. Furthermore, lifetime prevalence of AE and incidence after the assessment period of life events were compared. Our data suggest that separation/divorce of parents increase children's risk of developing AE later in life. Children with separated/divorced parents showed high VIP levels and high concentrations of the Th2 cytokine IL-4 in their blood. Severe diseases and death of a family member were neither associated with neuropeptide levels nor with cytokine concentrations. Unemployment of the parents was associated with decreased IFN-gamma concentrations in children's blood but not with neuropeptide levels. Thus, the neuropeptide VIP might be a mediator between stressful life events and immune regulation contributing to the Th2 shifted immune response in children with separated/divorced parents.
|Herberth, G., Röder, S., Bockelbrink, T., Schäfer, T., Borte, M., Herbarth, O., Krämer, U., Behrendt, H., Sausenthaler, S., Heinrich, J., Lehmann, I. (2010):
Psychosozialer Stress im Kindesalter und allergische Sensibilisierung. Stressful life events in childhood and allergic sensitisation
Allergologie 33 (2), 55 - 65