Projects. Graphic: Regina Stoltenburg/UFZ

Current Research Projects



» Biodiversity Experiments

Funding: DFG | Project term: 2020 - 2023 (sixth phase)
Web: Biodiversity Exploratories   Biodiversity Exploratories


  • Microorganisms & Fungi (core project 8)

    "Species diversity and community composition of soil microorganisms in grassland and forest ecosystems along land use gradients in the three German biodiversity exploratories"

    Within the "German Biodiversity Exploratories", the project "Core8" aims at monitoring soil microbial diversity by applying high-throughput molecular techniques, bioinformatics and machine learning. This project phase includes work on the following current research priorities:
    i) microbiological investigation of such major groups as bacteria, archaea, mycorrhizae and micro-eukaryotes,
    ii) acquisition of barcoding information for further analysis in the associated partner projects,
    iii) collection of data not only on structural but also on functional diversity,
    iv) use of bioinformatics applications to determine both network structures and key species in soils and their functional/genetic properties.

    Contact:

    Prof. Dr. François Buscot Dr. Kezia Goldmann Beatrix Schnabel
    Web:
    Microorganisms & Fungi
    Partners:

    Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures (Germany), Helmholtz Zentrum München (Germany)

 
  • BLD-MFD-HZG III (contributing project)

    "BELongDead - Multitrophic functional diversity in deadwood"

    The project "BELongDead III" (within the framework of the well-replicated BELongDead experiment established in the Biodiversity Exploratories) aims to continue and extend the temporal investigations from the previous project phases. In addition, a complementary supplementary experiment is planned, which will allow to investigate the importance of colonization and establishment and their influence on successional trajectories across different species groups. The focus of this project is on all relevant and underlying molecular and biochemical mechanisms and processes of organism-influenced deadwood decomposition in the context of forest management intensities and spatial-geographic scaling.

    Contact:

    Prof. Dr. François Buscot , Dr. Julia Moll , Dr. Björn Hoppe (JKI Braunschweig)
    Web: BLD-MFD-HZG III
    Partners:
    Dresden University of Technology - TU Dresden (Germany)

Funding: DFG | Project term: 2020 - 2023  The Jena Experiment
Web: The Jena Experiment  


The Jena Experiment is one of the longest-running biodiversity experiments in the world (running since 2002). The central aim of the Research Unit is to uncover the mechanisms that determine biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationships in the short- and in the long-term.


  • Subproject 1 - Mycorrhiza

    "Microbial root symbionts as drivers of eco-evolutionary dynamics and long-term biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships in plant communities"

    Given the main objective of the Research Unit, namely to uncover the mechanisms that determine BEF relationships in the short- and in the long-term, the main goal of SP1 is to elucidate the mechanisms driving biodiversity and community assembly of AMF along a plant diversity gradient. In particular, we ask whether the interplay between plants and AMF diversity changes over time, and could play a role in the expected reinforcement of the BEF relationship with time. Our subproject takes advantage of the long-term plant diversity gradient established in the Jena Experiment, including the nested experimental treatments to separate the time-related co-adaptation with plants (plant history) from the soil history effect. We broaden the study frame by considering additional soil fungal functional groups (sapro- and pathotrophs) in comparison to AMF. Specifically, this subproject will address the following questions:
    1) Does ecosystem aging (history) correspond to co-adaptation between the fungal and plant partners of AM symbioses? e.g. Does this coadaptation result in selection of specialized AMF at low plant diversity, whereas generalist AMF are selected at high plant diversity levels?
    2) Is this “partner optimization” related to symbiotic link improvement as reflected by enhanced mycorrhization rates?
    3) Are co-adaptation and the related BEF relationship dependent on soil history, plant history, or both?
    4) Are the observed dynamics specific to AMF or mirrored by other fungal functional groups?

    Contact:
    Prof. Dr. François Buscot , Dr. Anna Heintz-Buschart (University Amsterdam – UVA), Cynthia Albracht
    Web: The Jena Experiment - Subproject 1
    Partners:
    Groups of the DFG Research Unit

Funding: BiodivERsA, DFG | Project term: 2020 - 2023
Web: BiodivERsA BiodivERsA


BiodivERsA - the network programming and funding research on biodiversity and ecosystem services across European countries and territories. BiodivERsA is funded under the Horizon 2020 ERA-NET COFUND scheme.


  • BiodivERsA call 2018-2019 – funded project:

    "SuppressSOIL - Soil biodiversity and suppressiveness of soil against plant diseases and insect pests"


    The project investigates microbiome and functional commonalities with respect to soil properties on a scale from soils with long-lasting intrinsic suppressiveness to soils where this disease resistance should be brought about mainly with specific agricultural management strategies.
    The first approach is based on chromatographic soil profiling, quantification of soil diversity using metabarcoding techniques, and targeted monitoring of the totality of phytopathogens and insect pests. Suppressive and non-suppressive soils are also compared under controlled and free conditions. Another approach is based on experimental evaluation of a) the ability of suppressive soils to control large numbers of phytopathogens and insect pests, b) conditions of gene expression of biocontrol relevant genes of root-colonizing plant protectors, c) influence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on suppressiveness.

    Contact:
    Prof. Dr. François Buscot , Dr. Marie-Lara Bouffaud
    Web: SuppressSOIL
    Partners:
    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS (France), University of Lausanne (Switzerland), Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research / Agroscope (Switzerland)


» GCEF – Global Change Experimental Facility: exploring ecosystem processes under climate and land use-specific changes

UFZ Logo
Funding: UFZ | Project term: 2022 - 2025

GLIMPSE Research consortium: „Global change impacts on microbiota-plant-soil processes relevant for water and matter cycling in agricultural ecosystems“
Logo-GCEF
Web: GLIMPSE                     Platform: GCEF

  • subproject P2

    "Interacting effects of global change drivers on the fauna and microbiome of agricultural soils and the consequences for related ecosystem processes"

    The project (P2) will assess the interacting effects on functional traits of soil microbiota and related processes ensuring ecosystem functions and resilience. This specific project aims at experimental investigations of combined land use and global change effects on the structure and functions of the soil fauna as well as of the microbial community.

    Contact:
    Dr. Thomas Reitz (PI), Dr. Evgenia Blagodatskaya , Dr. Martin Schädler (Dep. BZF, UFZ), Prof. Dr. François Buscot


  • subproject P3
    "Root-Soil Interactions"

    The project (P3) focuses on the link between root systems and soil structure with implications for water and nutrient fluxes.

    Contact:
    Dr. Steffen Schlüter (PI, Dep. BOSYS), adj. Prof. Dr. Mika Tarkka , Prof. Dr. Doris Vetterlein (Dep. BOSYS)

Funding: BMBF /

PRIMA Logo

 | Project term: 2021 - 2024 


RESCHEDULE Logo

RESCHEDULE - Collaborative Project: Increasing the resilience of Mediterranean agricultural systems to climate change extremes

  • subproject

    "Microbiome indicators of soil health for the development of model-based sustainable management strategies in the Mediterranean region"


    The main objective of RESCHEDULE is to increase the sustainability and resilience to climate change and climate extremes of smallholder farms in the Mediterranean region by improving soil health. The specific objectives of RESCHEDULE stem from the current environmental challenges, gaps in knowledge and state of the art, and the need to contribute to the implementation of essential initiatives in the field of farming systems and in particular soil neutrality, the EU Farm to Plate initiative and the European Green Deals.
    This subproject supports this objective through its expertise in soil microbial ecology, in machine learning based modeling, and also through its GCEF experimental field platform, which allows co-manipulation of climate and land use in the German driest region around Bad Lauchstädt. These research activities aim to causally explain the structure and function of the soil microbiome and the mechanisms of its adaptation to aridity and agricultural management, and from this to define knowledge-based indicators of soil health. From this knowledge, recommendations for sustainable management can be derived.

    Contact:
    Prof. Dr. François Buscot , Dr. Thomas Reitz , Dr. Christina Fasching
    Web: RESCHEDULE
    Partners:
    Technical University of Crete (UTCR, Greece), Zen Agro PC (Greece), National Research Council (CNR, Italia), University of Évora (UÉvora, Portugal), Centre of Biotechnology of Borj Cédria (CBBC, Tunisia)
    Platform: GCEF Logo-GCEF


» Biological Data / Bioinformatics

Funding: iDiv (DFG) | Project term: 2017 - 2020, 2020 - 2024 Logo-iDiv
Web: iDiv

  • Joint project at UFZ/Soil ecology and iDiv/Metagemomics Support Unit (Metagen)

    “Developing and adaption of bioinformatics analysis pipelines for metagenome and metatranscriptome data of highly diverse (micro)organisms communities. Performing bioinformatics and multivariate statistics. Providing guidance and training.”


    The project utilizes and combines various project works on microbial biodiversity within Germany and abroad, which study a large number of soils under a wide variety of uses, in order to implement metagenomic tools (e.g., metagenome sequence analysis methods, bioinfromatic pipelines) and to offer them to users.

    Contact:
    Prof. Dr. François Buscot , Dr. Anna Heintz-Buschart ((Universität Amsterdam, UVA)), Dr. Luis Daniel Prada Salcedo
    Partners:
    Leipzig University, German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

Funding: iDiv / FlexPool (DFG) | Project term: 2020 - 2021 (phase I) Logo-iDiv
                                                                          2021 - 2022 (phase II)

Logo-DiScoMole

  • Joint project at UFZ/Deptartment of Soil Ecology and iDiv/Metagemomics Support Unit (Metagen)

    “Diversity and scenario modelling of molecular markers of plant pathogens in plant, litter and soil metagenomes”


    Climate change and agriculture are thought to interact as controlling forces on soil microbial communities and their functions at local and global scales.
    This project proposal will help establish causality and scenario modeling by integrating innovative metagenomic data from the large environmental gradients and data from the local experiments. Based on large datasets existing within this project consortium and also on publicly available data, molecular markers of microbial plant pathogenicity and models of their global distribution under climate and land use change will be identified and investigated.

    Contact:
    Prof. Dr. François Buscot , Dr. Anna Heintz-Buschart (University of Amsterdam, UVA), Dr. Qicheng Bei
    Cooperation:
    Prof. Nico Eisenhauer (iDiv, Leipzig University), Dr. Carlos Guerra (iDiv, MLU Halle), Prof. Kirsten Küsel (iDiv, FSU Jena)


» Further Projects

Funding: DFG (TA 290/5-1) | Project term: 2018 - 2021 (first phase)
                                                                    2022 - 2025 (second phase)
Web: SPP - Rhizosphere  

SPP Rhizosphere Logo The Rhizosphere Priority Program aims at the identification of patterns in space and time in the volume of the soil affected by living roots, the rhizosphere. Its major goal is the explanation of the mechanisms behind and feedback processes between the soil, soil microorganisms and the plants during rhizosphere establishment. The overall hypothesis of the Priority Program is that resilience emerges from self-organized spatiotemporal pattern formation in the rhizosphere.

  • contributing project P8 - Root Genes I and II

    “Spatial and temporal analysis of maize root gene expression patterns as a tool to elucidate how the maize interacts with rhizosphere microbiome and the environment”

    The central aim of this associated project in frame of the SPP 2089 is to reveal mechanisms how maize roots adapt to changes in soil environment, and how the adaptations contribute to rhizosphere processes at a single root type and at root system levels. Based on the special importance of substrate, observed in the first phase, the project aims at a more precise understanding of the substrate induced changes in gene expression. It concerns soil compaction that is an important factor for agricultural production and. Carbon allocation that represents an important modifier of plant defense response and rhizosphere functioning, and is also related to maize gene expression. Our data suggest that the changes related to substrate and soil depth may be related to differences in soil moisture. Drought events are predicted to increase in frequency and intensity and cause a challenge for agricultural production, and this aspect is included to the research program. To address the impacts of substrate, soil depth and maize genotype at a higher scale, the annual development of the maize field is included in the frame of Complex Sampling among the participants of the priority program.

    Contact:

    Dr. Mika Tarkka , Minh Ganther (first project phase), Tariq Shah (second project phase)
    Partners:

    members of associated subprojects within the DFG Priority Program SPP 2089




  • contributing project P13 - Microzym I and II (Kinetics & Microzymography)
    “Microbial life in the rhizosphere: kinetics and visualization of the functions”

    The general objective of Microzym is visualization and quantitative analysis of biochemical processes in the rhizosphere enabling to link microbial functional traits with localized process rates in space and time.
    Specific objectives:
    • Development and modification of methods for spatial analysis of distribution of root and of microbial activity parameters considering soil structure at the aggregate level. For this objective, the range of methods developed during first stage of PP (e.g., time-lapse zymography, oxidative zymography, micro-zymography, aminography) will be further extended (to e.g., oxidative micro-zymography, micro-aminography and amino-mapping) and localized micro-sampling at the level of individual aggregates will be applied for spatial and temporal identification of soil and root properties responsible for microbial activities and functions.
    • Comparison of microbial feedback to unfavorable environmental conditions in the rhizosphere of two maize genotypes. For that, we aim to relate the localization of enzymatic activity with microbial growth parameters at the epi-centrum, at the boundary and outside the rhizosphere hotspots under limitation by nutrients and water.
    • To reveal spatial specificity of organic substrates transformation and turnover at the rhizosphere – detritusphere interfaces as regulated by the rates of root detritus decomposition.
    • To study a shaping effect of soil profile formation induced by maize monoculture on microbial and enzymatic functional traits in the rhizosphere.

    Contact:
    Dr. Evgenia Blagodatskaya , Negar Ghaderi Golezani (first project phase), Zeeshan Ibrahim (first project phase), Maria Martin Roldan (second project phase)
    Partners:
    members of associated subprojects within the DFG Priority Program SPP 2089

Funding: DFG | Project term: 2022 - 2025 | Web: SPP - SoilSystems

SPP SoilSystems Logo The DFG joint research program SoilSystems aims to integrate a thermodynamic description of the soil system in order to gain a systemic view on energy and matter fluxes and their interactions with living and non-living soil components. This will enable to elucidate dynamic biogeochemical processes, boundary constraints and performance limits, and to identify optimally approaches allowing to describe the complex energy-driven soil systems in much simpler terms.

  • contributing project P5 - MICROHEAT

    “Heat dissipation and matter turnover in the course of microbial succession constrained by substrate and oxygen availability”

    Current challenge to increase sequestration of soil carbon (C) - the largest and most important terrestrial C stock - requires understanding the processes of carbon losses during microbial decomposition of diverse organic compounds, which serve as a substrate to obtain C, energy and nutrients for microbial metabolism.
    The project Microheat considers that transformation of organic substrates in soil occurs in the course of multi-stage microbial succession through a sequence of decomposition stages. The methodological novelty and challenge of Microheat, therefore, is in estimation of the anaerobic soil volume fraction via application of X-ray CT to study the effect of oxygen diffusion constraints on C and energy use efficiency (CUE and EUE). The peculiarity of Microheat is in its conceptual view linking matter (CO2) and energy (heat) losses to microbial growth and to the range of enzyme-mediated reactions related to various stages of substrate decomposition. The Microheat project will make a promising contribution to elucidating regulatory mechanisms of energy and matter turnover based on the microbial trade-offs between rate and efficiency of organic compounds decomposition in soil.

    Contact:

    Dr. Evgenia Blagodatskaya , Dr. Thomas Reitz , Dr. Steffen Schlüter (Dep. BOSYS, UFZ), Fatemeh Dehghani Mohammad Abadi
    Partners:

    members of associated subprojects within the DFG Priority Program SPP 2322

Funding: DFG | Project term: 2022 - 2025 | Web: SPP - DECRyPT

The central scientific objectives of the Priority Programme DECRyPT are to obtain a deep and more predictive understanding of plant-microbiota associations and to develop pioneering reductionist approaches towards a molecular understanding of plant microbiota functions. In this Priority Programme we elucidate genetic factors underlying plant microbiota establishment, test presumed community adaptation in ecological contexts and define community-associated emergent properties. Computational and genomic tools will guide hypothesis testing and the design of microbiota reconstitution experiments in controlled environments.


  • contributing project: DTsyncom

    “A drought tolerant synthetic bacterial community for barley”

    Drought events will increase in frequency and intensity and thus increasingly become a challenge for agricultural production. It is well known that plants respond to drought with changes in the plant-associated microbiome, and the adapted microbiome can thus contribute to increasing plant fitness. The proposed project investigates interaction mechanisms between synthetic bacterial communities and barley under drought stress. Bacterial and plant gene expressions, as well as measurements of barley drought tolerance, will be the focus.

    Contact:

    Dr. Mika Tarkka , Dr. Anna Heintz-Buschart (Universität Amsterdam- UVA), Dr. Thomas Reitz , Linda Rigerte
    Partners:

    members of associated subprojects within the DFG Priority Program SPP 2125

Funding: DFG | Project term: 2021 - 2024

  • “SpOC - Temporal and spatial dynamics of organic carbon in intermittent springs – Environmental drivers and connectivity to headwater streams”

    Springs are the birth of headwater streams. They represent the starting point of the river continuum, and are important ecotones between groundwater and surface water. Intermittent springs originate from near-surface, unconfined aquifers. They display a temporarily groundwater disconnected flow regime, short residence times and may act as sources of organic carbon (OC) to headwater streams. As a result, intermittent springs have the potential to significantly impact carbon fluxes in headwater streams. However, only a few eco-hydrological studies have addressed springs as distinct sources of OC, and it is still unclear how the variable flow regime impacts the temporal variability or organic carbon in these diverse ecotones, which are typical for low mountain ranges. Therefore, the objective of this proposal is to investigate the spatial and temporal dynamics of OC in intermittent springs, environmental drivers of these processes, and their downstream impact in different low mountain ranges. This cross-scale study of the hydrological and biogeochemical properties of intermittent spring and their spatial and temporal dynamics will close the existing knowledge gap regarding the role of intermittent springs within the river continuum concept. This would further contribute to the understanding of potential shifts in the dynamics of springs due to climate change induced variations in precipitation and runoff, and the impact of their changes on both the spring ecosystem, as well as related headwater streams

    Contact:

    Dr. Christina Fasching , Prof. Dr. Peter Chifflard (Universität Marburg)
    Partners:

    Dr. Kyle Boodoo (University of Vienna, Austria)

Funding: China Scholarship Council (CSC) | Project term: 2021 - 2024

Web: CSC

China Scholarship Council (CSC)