Research for the Environment

Causes and Consequences of artificial night lighting for environment, nature and man – Loss of the night, effect of light pollution on birds

Project part BILL (Birds in ILluminated Landscapes)

 

Project management: Dr. Reinhard Klenke
Staff responsible: Dipl. Biol. Anja Nordt, Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Sarah Effertz
Funded by: German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
(Code: 033L038E)
Project duration: 01.05. 2010 - 30.04. 2013

Description

The spreading of human settlements into rural areas leads to a modified land use and increased landscape fragmentation. Furthermore, these previously not or only marginal affected areas now encounter new factors associated with civilization. Artificial light is one of them.

Foto: Doris Böhme / UFZ (2007)
Beleuchtetes Gebäude (Foto: Doris Böhme / UFZ)
BILL

With light we positively associate safety, wealth and modernity, but its shady sides are poorly understood. While air, noise and water pollution reached public awareness and thus are focused by comprehensive research, on the concept of light pollution closer attention was drawn only recently.

Directed by the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Biology and Inland Fisheries (IGB)ecological, chronobiological as well as cultural and socioeconomic causes and consequences on man and environment of the "loss of the night" will be investigated by a multidisciplinary network of scientists. Based on their findings and conclusions, recommendations for politics and industry will be conveyed to use artificial light more efficiently. Our group investigates the influences of different light regimes on bird populations in the subproject BILL (Birds in ILluminated Landscapes).

Birds are characterized by an exceptional visual sense, they are even able to see ultraviolet radiation. Especially songbirds adjust their behavior to the rhythm of night and day, e.g. time their dawn song due to changing light intensities (bird clock). The increase in light pollution – around 6 % p.a. – pose a particular challenge for their ability to adapt. Investigating the effects of artificial night lighting on foraging, mate choice and breeding behavior, we will shed light on physiological costs and ecological consequences in the common blackbird (Turdus merula) in the urban area of Leipzig. Accompanying lighting experiments take place in a sample area in the Westhavelland.


Solsort
Amsel (Turdus merula, Foto: Malene Thyssen)

Publications

Hüppop, O., Klenke, R., Nordt, A. (2013): Kapitel: 5 - Vögel und künstliches Licht. In Posch, Th., Hölker, F., Uhlmann, Th., Freyhoff, A. (Eds.): Das Ende der Nacht, 2. Auflage, Wiley-VCH, pp.110-138. ISBN: 978-3-527-41179-5
http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-3527411798.html

Nordt, A., Klenke, R. (2013): Sleepless in Town – Drivers of the Temporal Shift in Dawn Song in Urban European Blackbirds. PLoS ONE 8(8): e71476. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071476.
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0071476

Klenke, R.A., Nordt, A., Huang, J.-Sh. (2013): Disoriented - Birds in the modern world. In Achternkamp, U., Heubner, H., Kraus, H., Reisinger, N., Willinghöfer, J. (Eds.): Ein ornithologisches Wundertütenkabinett. 60 gefiederte Fundstücke. Die Philosophischen Bauern, pp.3.
http://www.philosophische-bauern.de/

Hölker, F., T. Moss, B. Griefahn, W. Kloas, C. C. Voigt, D. Henckel, A. Hänel, P. M. Kappeler, S. Völker, A. Schwope, S. Franke, D. Uhrlandt, J. Fischer, R. Klenke, C. Wolter, & Tockner, K. (2010): The dark side of light: a transdisciplinary research agenda for light pollution policy. Ecology and Society 15 (4): 13.
http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art13/

Recent Publications

JAX, K. (Ed.)(2010): Ecosystem functioning Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 272 S.

Fisheries and Fish-eating Vertebrates as a Model Case
Series: Environmental Science and Engineering
Subseries: Environmental Science
Klenke, R.A.; Ring, I.; Kranz, A.; Jepsen, N.; Rauschmayer, F.; Henle, K. (Eds.)
2013, XIV, 347 p. 64 illus., 36 in color.

JAX. K. & A. SCHWARZ (2011): Competing terms. Chapter 11,. In: SCHWARZ, A. & K. JAX (eds.): Ecology Revisited: Reflecting on Concepts, Advancing Science. Dordrecht, Springer: 155-159.

SCHWARZ, A. & K. JAX (eds.): Ecology Revisited: Reflecting on Concepts, Advancing Science. Dordrecht, Springer: 444 p.

BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION Volume 20, Number 5, 1057-1072, DOI: 10.1007/s10531-011-0015-2

Effects of species turnover on reserve site selection in a fragmented landscape - Birgit Felinks, Renata Pardini, Marianna Dixo, Klaus Follner, Jean P. Metzger und Klaus Henle

BRECKLING, B., PE'ER, G. & Y.G. MATSINOS (2011). Cellular Automata in Ecological Modelling. In: JOPP, F., REUTER, H., BRECKLING, B. (Eds.): Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics.  Springer: 105-117.

BRECKLING, B., PE'ER, G. & Y.G. MATSINOS (2011). Cellular Automata in Ecological Modelling. In: JOPP, F., REUTER, H., BRECKLING, B. (Eds.): Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics. Springer: 105-117.

http://www.sciencemag.org/content/331/6021/1139.summary

Science-Policy Interface: Beyond Assessments - Mike Hulme, Martin Mahony, Silke Beck, Christoph Görg, Bernd Hansjürgens, Jennifer Hauck, Carsten Nesshöver, Axel Paulsch, Marie Vandewalle, Heidi Wittmer, Stefan Böschen, Peter Bridgewater, Mariteuw Chimère Diaw, Pierre Fabre, Aurelia Figueroa, Kong Luen Heong, Horst Korn, Rik Leemans, Eva Lövbrand, Mohd Norowi Hamid, Chad Monfreda, Roger Pielke, Jr., Josef Settele, Marten Winter, Alice B. M. Vadrot, Sybille van den Hove and Jeroen P. van der Sluijs, Science 5 August 2011: 697-698.