Dr. Christian Schmidt

Helmholtz Centre for
Environmental Research
Permoserstr. 15
04318 Leipzig

Phone: +49 341 235 1986
Fax: +49 341 235 1837

Foto Christian Schmidt

Research Topics

  • Temperature as tracer
  • Stream-groundwater interaction
  • Contaminant transport between streams and groundwater

Curriculum Vitae


PhD, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland, Centre for Hydrogeology and Geothermal Energy (CHYN) Thesis: Water and contaminant fluxes at the stream-groundwater interface

since 02/2008

Scientist at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department of Hydrogeology


Ph.D. student, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department of Hydrogeology


Graduate assistant, UFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle, Department of Applied Landscape Ecology


German Diplom (M.Sc.), University of Leipzig, Institute of Geography and Leibnitz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries


Study of Geography, University of Leipzig
Subsidiary subjects: Geology, Chemistry



Schmidt, C., Buettner, O., Musolff, A., Fleckenstein, J. H. 2014. A method for automated, daily, temperature-based vertical streambed water-fluxes. Fundamental and Applied Limnology. 184 (3), 173-181, doi: 10.1127/1863-9135/2014/0548

Trauth, N., Schmidt, C., Maier, U., Vieweg, M. Fleckenstein, J. H. 2014. Hyporheic transport and biogeochemical reactions in pool-riffle systems under varying ambient groundwater flow conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2013JG002586

Trauth, N., Schmidt, C., Maier, U., Vieweg, M., Fleckenstein, J. H. 2013. Coupled 3D stream flow and hyporheic flow model under varying stream and ambient groundwater flow conditions in a pool-riffle system. Water Resources Research. doi:10.1002/wrcr.20442

Vieweg, M., Trauth, N., Fleckenstein, J. H., Schmidt, C. 2013. Robust Optode-Based Method for Measuring in Situ Oxygen Profiles in Gravelly Streambeds. Environmental Science & Technology. doi:10.1021/es401040w

Tischer, K., Kleinsteuber, S., Schleinitz, K.M., Fetzer, I., Spott, O., Stange, F., Lohse, U., Franz, J., Neumann, F., Gerling, S., Schmidt, C., Hasselwander, E., Harms, H., Wendeberg, A. 2013. Microbial communities along biogeochemical gradients in a hydrocarbon-contaminated aquifer. Environmental Microbiology 15(9), 2603–2615.

Schmidt, C., Musolff, A., Trauth, N., Vieweg, M., Fleckenstein, J. H. 2012. Transient analysis of fluctuations of electrical conductivity as tracer in the stream bed. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. doi:10.5194/hess-16-3689-2012

Munz, M., Oswald, S. E., Schmidt, C. 2011. Sand box experiments to evaluate the influence of subsurface temperature probe design on temperature based water flux calculation, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15, 3495-3510. hess-15-3495-2011

Ravazzani, G. , Giudici, I., Schmidt, C., Mancini, M. 2011. Evaluating the Potential of Quarry Lakes for Supplemental Irrigation. Journal of Irrigation Drainage Engineering, 137, 564-571, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)IR.1943-4774.0000321

Schmidt, C., Martienssen M., Kalbus, E. 2011. Influence of water flux and redox conditions on chlorobenzene concentrations in a contaminated streambed. Hydrological Processes, 25(2), 234–245.

Schornberg, C., Schmidt, C., Kalbus, E., Fleckenstein, J. H. 2010. Simulating the effects of geologic heterogeneity and transient boundary conditions on streambed temperatures - Implications for temperature-based water flux calculations. Advances in Water Resources, 33(11),1309-1319.

Fleckenstein, J. H., Schmidt, C. 2009. Theme Note: Ground water-surface water-interactions Grundwasser, 14(3), 161-162.

Kalbus, E., Schmidt, C., Molson, J. W., Reinstorf, F., Schirmer, M. 2009. Influence of aquifer and streambed heterogeneity on the distribution of groundwater discharge. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 13, 69-77. hess-13-69-2009

Kalbus, E., Schmidt, C., Molson, J., Reinstorf, F., Schirmer, M. 2008. Groundwater-surface water interactions at the contaminated mega-site Bitterfeld, Germany. In: GQ07: Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments. IAHS Publication, 324, 491-498, ISBN 978-1-901502-79-4.

Schmidt, C., Kalbus, E., Bayer-Raich, M., Leschik, S., Reinstorf, F., Martienssen, M., Schirmer, M. 2008. Schadstoffflüsse zwischen Grund- und Oberflächenwasser am großflächig kontaminierten Standort Bitterfeld. Grundwasser, 13(3), 133-146.

Kalbus, E., Schmidt, C., Reinstorf, F., Krieg, R., Schirmer, M. 2008. Wie Flussbett-Temperaturen zur Ermittlung der Aquifer-Heterogenität beitragen können (How streambed temperatures can contribute to the determination of aquifer heterogeneity). Grundwasser, 13(2), 91-100.

Schmidt C., Conant B., Bayer-Raich M., Schirmer M. 2007. Evaluation and field-scale application of an analytical method to quantify groundwater discharge using mapped streambed temperatures. Journal of Hydrology 347 (3-4), 292-302.

Kalbus, E., Schmidt, C., Bayer-Raich, M., Leschik, S., Reinstorf, F., Balcke, G.U., Schirmer, M. 2007. New Methodology to Investigate Potential Contaminant Mass Fluxes at the Stream-Aquifer-Interface by Combining Integral Pumping Tests and Streambed Temperatures. Environmental Pollution, 148 (3), 808-816.

Petelet-Giraud E., Négrel Ph., Gourcy L., Schmidt C., Schirmer M. 2007. Geochemical and isotopic constraints on groundwater–surface water interactions in a highly anthropized site. The Wolfen/Bitterfeld megasite (Mulde subcatchment, Germany). Environmental Pollution 148(3), 707-717.

Barth, J. A. C., Kalbus, E., Schmidt, C., Bayer-Raich, M., Reinstorf, F., Schirmer, M., Thiéry, D., Dubus, I. G., Gutierrez, A., Baran, N., Mouvet, C., Petelet-Giraud, E., Négrel, Ph., Banton, O., Batlle Aguilar, J., Brouyère, S., Goderniaux, P., Orban, Ph., Rozemeijer, J.C., Visser, A., Bierkens, M. F. P., Van der Grift, B., Broers, H. P., Marsman, A., Klaver, G., Slobodnick, J., Grathwohl, P. 2007. Selected groundwater studies of EU project AquaTerra leading to large-scale basin considerations. Water Practice & Technology, 2(3), doi:10.2166/wpt.2007.0062.

Schmidt C., Bayer-Raich M., Schirmer M. 2006. Characterization of spatial heterogeneity of groundwater-stream water interactions using multiple depth streambed temperature measurements at the reach scale. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10, 849-859.