Study Approach

The core parts of SURFACE are two empirical studies which gather international and country-specific/national strategies for the reduction of land consumption and monitoring. They are based on expert interviews and literature research.

For the first study, national targets and policy instruments as well as the role of international treaties and objectives were surveyed in 21 countries. Essential objectives and strategies on European level have been factored in too. The inquiry identified established legal and economic strategies in the European and non-European world. Not only national instruments and approaches but also planned or scientifically discussed actions have been revealed. The results have been discussed at a workshop in April 2019 in Berlin.

Experts from the following countries took part in the first SURFACE survey:

European countries

Non-European countries

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • France

  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • Portugal

  • Romania
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Switzerland

  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • Canada
  • China

Surface Report 2019 - Titelblatt

At a workshop on 4-5 April 2019 in Berlin, the authors of the country studies met to discuss the different starting situations and governance frameworks for reducing land take. Discussion and a first analysis of the country studies are summarised in a report.

The country studies will be followed by detailed studies in ten selected European countries. They will take a closer look at the different monitoring concepts and indicators. The selection of the countries for the detailed studies will take place after finishing the first project phase. The results will be presented at a workshop in 2020. They are also the basis for the development of suitable and applicable monitoring concepts on a European and national scale.