Dr. Anu Eskelinen
Department for Physiological Diversity
German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Deutscher Platz 5a
phone: +49 341 973 3228
My current research focuses on testing how biotic factors such as herbivory, plant functional traits and plant competition interact with multiple global change drivers (climate warming, changes in precipitation, nutrient enrichment) to drive plant community assembly and diversity.
- Global change in Californian grasslands: interactions between rainfall addition, soil nutrients and plant traits (project in collaboration with Susan Harrison)
- Global change in low-productivity tundra ecosystems: interactions between herbivory, climate warming, soil nutrients and plant traits (project in collaboration with Johan Olofsson and Elina Kaarlejärvi)
- I am also one of the two PIs of two Nutrient Network (NutNet) sites in Finland, Kilpisjärvi, that were established in 2013 and 2014 (together with Risto Virtanen). NutNet is a global research cooperative investigating the impacts of nutrient enrichment and herbivory on natural communities and ecosystems. For more information, please visit
Eskelinen, A. & Harrison, S. 2015. Resource co-limitation governs plant community responses to altered precipitation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: 13009 – 13014.
Eskelinen, A. & Harrison, S. 2015. Biotic context and soil properties modulate native plant responses to enhanced rainfall. Annals of Botany 116: 963 – 973.
Eskelinen, A. & Harrison, S. 2015. Erosion of beta diversity under interacting global change impacts in a semiarid grassland. Journal of Ecology 103: 397 – 407.
Harrison, S., Damschen, E., Fernandez-Going, B., Eskelinen, A. & Copeland, S. 2015. Plant communities on infertile soils are less sensitive to climate change. Annals of Botany 116: 1017 – 1022.
Stark, S., Männistö, M. & Eskelinen, A. 2015. When do grazers accelerate or decelerate soil carbon and nitrogen cycling in tundra? – A test of theory on grazing effects in fertile and infertile habitats. Oikos 124: 593 – 602.
Virtanen, R., Eskelinen, A. and Harrison, S. 2015. Bryophyte diversity in Californian grasslands in relation to substrate quality, exotic vascular plants and disturbance. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 103-116.
Eskelinen, A. & Harrison, S. 2014. Exotic plant invasions under enhanced rainfall are constrained by soil nutrients and competition. Ecology 95: 682-692.
Saccore, P., Pyykkönen, T., Eskelinen, A. & Virtanen, R. 2014. Environmental perturbation, grazing pressure and soil wetness jointly drive mountain tundra toward divergent alternative states. Journal of Ecology 102: 1661-1672.
Stark, S., Männistö, M. & Eskelinen, A. 2014. Nutrient availability and pH jointly constrain microbial extracellular enzyme activities in nutrient-poor tundra soils. Plant and Soil 383: 373 - 385.
Kaarlejärvi, E., Eskelinen, A. & Olofsson, J. 2013. Herbivory prevents lowland plants benefiting from warmer and more fertile conditions at high altitudes. Functional Ecology 27: 1244–1253.
Eskelinen, A., Harrison, S. & Tuomi, M. 2012. Plant traits mediate consumer and nutrient control on plant community productivity and diversity. Ecology 93: 2705–2718.
Stark, S., Eskelinen, A. & Männistö, M. 2012. Regulation of microbial function and communities by soil pH, nitrogen availability, and herbivory in tundra ecosystems. Ecosystems 15: 18-33.
Ruotsalainen, A.L. & Eskelinen, A. 2011. Root fungal symbionts interact with above-ground mammalian herbivory, soil nutrient availability, and specific habitat conditions. Oecologia 166: 807-817.
Eskelinen, A. 2010. Resident functional composition mediates the impacts of nutrient enrichment and neighbour removal on plant immigration rates. Journal of Ecology 98: 540 – 550.
Eskelinen, A., Stark, S. & Männistö, M. 2009. Links between plant community composition, soil organic matter quality and microbial communities in contrasting tundra habitats. Oecologia 161: 113 – 123.
Eskelinen, A. 2008. Herbivore and neighbour effects on tundra plants depend on species identity, nutrient availability and local environmental conditions. Journal of Ecology 96: 155 – 165.
Eskelinen, A. and Oksanen, J. 2006. Changes in the abundance, composition and species richness of mountain vegetation in relation to summer grazing by reindeer. Journal of Vegetation Science 17: 245 – 254.
Eskelinen. A. & Virtanen, R. 2005. Local and regional processes in low-productive mountain plant communities: the roles of seed and microsite limitation in relation to grazing. Oikos 110: 360 – 368.
Virtanen, R., Eskelinen, A. & Gaare, E. 2003. Historical changes in species composition, abundance and diversity of alpine plant communities in Norway and Finland. In: Nagy, L., Grabherr, G., Körner, C. & Thompson, D.B.A. (eds.). Alpine Biodiversity in Europe. Ecological Studies Vol. 167. Springer Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 411 – 422.