Ecosystem Services in Natura 2000 Sites (FAWKES ll)

ESCALATE Synthesis Project Summary

Recent ‘New Conservation’ approaches called for more ecosystem services (ES) emphasis in conservation. We analysed data from 3757 Natura 2000 special protection areas (SPAs) and translated positive and negative impacts listed by conservation managers into indicators of the use of nine provisioning, regulating and cultural ES. Overall, the use of ES is considered by SPA managers to affect conservation goals more negatively than positively. ES associated with livestock keeping and fodder production are recorded as having the highest fraction of positive impacts on SPAs, ranging from 88% and 78% in the Boreal biogeographic region to 20% and 6% in the Mediterranean. The use of ES varied according to dominant habitat class, highlighting the dependence of specific ES on associated ecosystem functions. For instance, fibre production was the predominant ES throughout forest habitats while crop, fodder and livestock exhibit similar patterns of dominance across agricultural landscapes. In contrast, the use of wild food and recreation activities are seen as causing mainly negative effects across all habitats. Our analysis suggests that most uses of ES result in negative effects on conservation goals. These outcomes should be considered when implementing future conservation strategies.


This project is supervised by Guy Ziv (UoL), Christopher Hassal (UoL), Bartosz Bartkowski (UFZ), Anna Cord (UFZ), Tomas Vaclavik (UFZ), Ralf Seppelt (UFZ) and Michael Beckmann (UFZ).

Participating PhDs are Kaim, A. (UFZ), Kalamandeen, M. (UoL), Landaverde-González, P. (UFZ), Melo, J.L.B. (UoL), Shannon, C. (UoL), Zoderer, B.M (UoL)

All participants directly involved into the research project are listed as co-authors on the developed manuscript.


Ziv, G., Hassall, C., Bartkowski, B., Cord, A.F., Kaim, A., Kalamandeen, M., Landaverde-González, P., Melo, J.L.B., Seppelt, R., Shannon, C., Václavík, T., Zoderer, B.M., Beckmann, M., (2018):
A bird’s eye view over ecosystem services in Natura 2000 sites across Europe
Ecosystem Services 30 (Part B), 287 - 298

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