Photo: UFZ

Static Fertilization Experiment Bad Lauchstädt

1902 Static Fertilization Experiment Bad Lauchstädt was laid out and started by Schneidewind und Gröbler. Main objective of the trial was examining the influence of organic and mineral fertilization on yield and quality of crops as well as on soil fertility. The systematic design of the experiment consists of 8 fields. Each year the crops of rotation sugar beet - spring barley - potato - winter wheat grow parallel at the fields. In 2015 the crops sugar beets and potatoes were replaced by maize. The plots of the main series (fields 2, 3, 6 and 7) are more or less unchanged since 1902. Since 1924 field 1 is limed every 4 years to potatoes and field 8 contains legumes in crop rotation. Since 1978 design and experimental question of fields 4 and 5 were completely changed establishing a new experiment with extended objectives (The Static Experiment after extention of the experimental question in 1978).
The size of each of the 432 plots of the 18 treatments is 10.0 m x 26.5 m = 265 m²; in sum 3.09 ha experimental size, laid out as systematic design there are no replications; instead 4 adjacent parallels per plot are harvested.
Static Fertilization Experiment Bad Lauchstädt is one of the oldest and most valuable long-term experiments worldwide. Every year soil and plant samples are archived and extensive series of yield, crop and soil parameters are available.

Research focus

  • Long-term management effects on fertility and sustainability of agro-ecosystems
  • Interrelations between land use system and environment considering adjacent compartments
Site plan
Site plan of the Static Fertilization Experiment since 1978 (Photo: UFZ)
Spring Barley
Spring Barley (Photo: UFZ)
Sugar Beets
Sugar Beets (Photo: UFZ)
Winter Wheat
Winter Wheat (Photo: UFZ)
Potatoes (Photo: UFZ)

Platform data

  • Location: Field station of the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ at Bad Lauchstädt
  • Platform type: Field experiment, block design, started 1902; Soil type: Haplic Chernozem (FAO classification)

  • Research groups involved: Scientists from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, University of Stuttgart - Hohenheim, MLU Halle - Wittenberg
  • Scientific Board: Prof. Dr. François Buscot, Dr. Thomas Reitz, Dr. Elke Schulz (Dept. BOOEK), Dr. Hans-Jörg Vogel, Dr. Uwe Franko (Dept. BOPHY), Dr. Martin Schädler, Dr. Ines Merbach (Dept. BZF)