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Title (Primary) Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?
Author Dormann, C.F.; Gruber, B.; Winter, M.; Herrmann, D.;
Journal Biology Letters
Year 2010
Department BZF;
Volume 6
Issue 2
Language englisch;
Keywords niche evolution; niche model; species distribution model; mammal; phylogeny; phylogenetic signal
Abstract Our ability to predict consequences of climate change is severely impaired by the lack of knowledge on the ability of species to adapt to changing environmental conditions. We used distribution data for 140 mammal species in Europe, together with data on climate, land cover and topography, to derive a statistical description of their realized climate niche. We then compared climate niche overlap of pairs of species, selected on the basis of phylogenetic information. In contrast to expectations, related species were not similar in their climate niche. Rather, even species pairs that had a common ancestor less than 1Ma already display very high climate niche distances. We interpret our finding as a strong interspecific competitive constraint on the realized niche, rather than a rapid evolution of the fundamental niche. If correct, our results imply a very limited sefulness of climate niche models for the prediction of future mammal distributions.
ID 9891
Persistent UFZ Identifier https://www.ufz.de/index.php?en=20939&ufzPublicationIdentifier=9891
Dormann, C.F., Gruber, B., Winter, M., Herrmann, D. (2010):
Evolution of climate niches in European mammals?
Biol. Lett. 6 (2), 229 - 232